Characterization of exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and COPD in Europe. The GIANT study

Servei de Pneumologia Institut Clínic del Tòrax Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain.
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease (Impact Factor: 1.95). 10/2009; 3(6):267-77. DOI: 10.1177/1753465809352791
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The GIANT study collected information on patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the effect of treatment with moxifloxacin.
AECB history, concomitant diseases, moxifloxacin treatment, concomitant medication, clinical symptoms and adverse events were recorded. A questionnaire at the end of treatment recorded the impact on patients' daily lives.
Among 9225 patients from eight European countries, marked variation was seen in characteristics including age, smoking history and type of exacerbation. Spirometry use was more common among chest physicians (66.7%) than GPs (15.5%). Patients with Anthonisen type 1 and 2 exacerbations had more frequent exacerbations and these patients experienced a greater impact on daily activities compared with patients with type 3 episodes. Patient symptoms improved with moxifloxacin treatment after a mean (SD) of 3.4 (1.8) days, allowing return to normal daily activities after 5.4 (4.4) days and with full recovery taking 6.5 (3.1) days.
Characteristics of patients with AECB and acute exacerbations of COPD differ among European countries. Spirometry is under-used, particularly in primary care and antibiotic treatment does not always follow current guidelines. Results confirm the efficacy of moxifloxacin in the treatment of AECB in real-life conditions.

Download full-text


Available from: Marc Miravitlles, Jul 26, 2014
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A single infective acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (AECB) has a sustained effect on health status. Although a number of clinical investigations have demonstrated the efficacy of antibiotics in AECB, increased bacterial resistance has caused concern about the efficacy of currently available antibiotic therapies. This subanalysis of a global noninterventional study aimed to evaluate the impact of AECB on the patient and the community and the effectiveness and safety of a treatment with moxifloxacin (MXF) tablets in daily life clinical practice in China. This prospective, noninterventional, noncontrolled, multicenter observational study, which started in China in April 2004 and ended in February 2007, was part of the global GIANT study. Patients with a diagnosis of mild to severe AECB were treated with MXF tablets 400 mg for a period at the physician's discretion. The observation period for each patient covered a complete treatment period with MXF. For each patient, the physician documented data at an initial visit (baseline) and at least one follow-up visit. Data were collected on demography, diagnosis of infection, pretreatment, concomitant diseases and medications, MXF therapy, course of symptoms during investigations, and final assessment of therapy with respect to MXF. In the Chinese subset of the GIANT study, a total of 11,377 patients were included in the intention-to-treat/safety population. At the end of the initial treatment period, improvement and recovery from infection was observed for 98.6% (n = 11,217/11,377) and 92.6% (n = 10,540/11,377) of all patients. After 1 week of treatment, 76.3% (n = 8681/11,377) of patients had recovered. Median time until improvement and recovery was 3.0 and 6.0 days, respectively. Correspondingly, in 95.8% (n = 10,903/11,377) of all patients, overall effectiveness during the initial treatment period with MXF was assessed as "very good" or "good". Compared with the last AECB, the number of days with impact on daily-life activities and the number of nights with sleep disturbances decreased from 3.0 to 2.0 (median) and from 2.0 to 1.0 (median), respectively. In general, MXF treatment was very well tolerated, with physician's overall assessment of tolerability as "good" or "very good" in 95.2% (n = 10,834/11,377) of patients. The incidence rate of adverse events and adverse drug reactions was 0.82% (n = 93) and 0.67% (n = 76), respectively. The most frequent adverse events were gastrointestinal disorders such as nausea (0.31%, n = 35) and vomiting (0.19%, n = 22), which were mostly drug-related. One individual serious adverse event (dyspnea) occurred during the observation period, which was assessed as drug-related. MXF was effective and well tolerated in patients suffering from AECB. The fast speed of the drug's onset of action was associated with rapid improvement of clinical parameters.
    Clinical Epidemiology 08/2010; 2:15-21.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While it is known that asthma symptoms have a very variable pattern, the general belief is that the respiratory symptoms in COPD patients usually present little or no variability. Nevertheless, COPD patients report having "bad days". The objective of this present study was to evaluate the variability of the respiratory symptoms and their impact on the daily activities of a cohort of Spanish COPD patients. We present the results of the Spanish patients who participated in a cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out in 17 European countries. Pulmonologists and Family Care physicians recruited patients with stable severe COPD (FEV1<50%). The perception of the patients on the variation in their symptoms was recorded by telephone interviews. A total of 472 patients provided data that was valid for analysis. Mean age was 68.6; 93% were men; mean FEV1(%) was 41%. 84.1% of the patients experimented at least one respiratory symptom in the previous week and 60.9% affirmed that their symptoms varied over the course of the day or week. The moment of the day when the symptoms were perceived to be more intense was during the morning. An important proportion of severe COPD patients perceive variability in their respiratory symptoms, with a greater intensity in the morning. The observation can have implications in treating patients with severe COPD as variability can be an initial sign of decompensation of the disease.
    Archivos de Bronconeumología 09/2011; 48(1):3-7. DOI:10.1016/j.arbr.2011.07.006 · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the correlation between sputum colour and the presence of potentially pathogenic bacteria in acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECBs). Data were pooled from six multicentre studies comparing moxifloxacin with other antimicrobials in patients with an AECB. Sputum was collected before antimicrobial therapy, and bacteria were identified by culture and Gram staining. Association between sputum colour and bacteria was determined using logistic regression. Of 4,089 sputum samples, a colour was reported in 4,003; 1,898 (46.4%) were culture-positive. Green or yellow sputum samples were most likely to yield bacteria (58.9% and 45.5% of samples, respectively), compared with 18% of clear and 39% of rust-coloured samples positive for potentially pathogenic microorganisms. Factors predicting a positive culture were sputum colour (the strongest predictor), sputum purulence, increased dyspnoea, male sex and absence of fever. Green or yellow versus white sputum colour was associated with a sensitivity of 94.7% and a specificity of 15% for the presence of bacteria. Sputum colour, particularly green and yellow, was a stronger predictor of potentially pathogenic bacteria than sputum purulence and increased dyspnoea in AECB patients. However, it does not necessarily predict the need for antibiotic treatment in all patients with AECB.
    European Respiratory Journal 10/2011; 39(6):1354-60. DOI:10.1183/09031936.00042111 · 7.13 Impact Factor
Show more