Psoriasis is a common dermatological disorder, in which autoimmunity plays an important role. CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (T-regs) have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of some autoimmune diseases. T-regs express the fork head/winged helix transcription factor, FOXP3, which appears to be of key importance in the development and function of T-regs. Studies have found that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FOXP3 gene contribute to susceptibility to some autoimmune disorders. However, information about FOXP3 gene in psoriasis is limited.
This study evaluated the association between FOXP3 gene SNPs and susceptibility to psoriasis in a Han Chinese population.
In a hospital-based case-control study, 524 patients with psoriasis and 549 psoriasis-free controls were recruited according to age and gender. We investigated four SNPs in the FOXP3 gene (-6054, deletion/ATT; -3279, A/C; -924, A/G; IVS9+459, A/G) in psoriatic patients, and assessed allele and genotype frequencies in psoriatic patients (237 females, 287 males) and normal controls (272 females, 277 males). The polymorphisms were genotyped using the PCR sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) technique and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis.
We found that increased risk of psoriasis was associated with the FOXP3 -3279 AC genotype (adjusted OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.01-1.74) and the combined AC+AA genotype (adjusted OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.07-1.78), compared with the -3279 CC genotype. We also found that an increased risk of psoriasis was associated with the FOXP3 IVS9+459 GG genotype (adjusted OR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.41-3.58). However, the combined GA+GG genotype showed no such tendency (adjusted OR=1.28; 95% CI, 1.00-1.64), compared with the IVS9+459 AA genotype. There was no evidence of an increased risk associated with the FOXP3-6054 deletion/ATT or FOXP3-924 A/G genotype. In combined genotype analyses, the FOXP3-3279 AC+AA genotype was more obviously associated in males (adjusted OR=1.60, 95% CI=1.11-2.31) and severe psoriasis patients (PASI score >20; adjusted OR=1.97, 95% CI=1.41-2.75). Meanwhile, the FOXP3 IVS9+459 GA+GG genotype was also associated with severe psoriasis patients (adjusted OR=1.69, 95% CI=1.21-2.36).
FOXP3 polymorphisms appear to contribute to the risk of psoriasis in a Han Chinese population. Larger studies are needed to confirm these findings.
"Therefore, we suggested that individuals who had inherited both copies of this allelic variation had a higher susceptibility for developing this subtype of breast cancer than individuals with other genotypes. As far as we researched, there is no articles relating genetic polymorphism of FOXP3 and TNBC susceptibility in a Brazilian population, but positive associations have been proposed with other diseases such as psoriasis  and allergic rhinitis . Raskin et al.  investigated three genetic polymorphisms in the FOXP3 gene in patients with breast cancer, but not triple-negative subtype, and found none significant associations. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a relevant subgroup of neoplasia which presents negative phenotype of estrogen and progesterone receptors and has no overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2). FOXP3 (forkhead transcription factor 3) is a marker of regulatory T cells (Tregs), whose expression may be increased in tumor cells. This study aimed to investigate a polymorphism (rs3761548) and the protein expression of FOXP3 for a possible involvement in TNBC susceptibility and prognosis. Genetic polymorphism was evaluated in 50 patients and in 115 controls by allele-specific PCR (polymerase chain reaction). Protein expression was evaluated in 38 patients by immunohistochemistry. It was observed a positive association for homozygous AA (OR = 3.78; 95% CI = 1.02-14.06) in relation to TNBC susceptibility. Most of the patients (83%) showed a strong staining for FOXP3 protein in the tumor cells. In relation to FOXP3-positive infiltrate, 47% and 58% of patients had a moderate or intense intratumoral and peritumoral mononuclear infiltrate cells, respectively. Tumor size was positively correlated to intratumoral FOXP3-positive infiltrate (P = 0.026). In conclusion, since FOXP3 was positively associated with TNBC susceptibility and prognosis, it seems to be a promising candidate for further investigation in larger TNBC samples.
BioMed Research International 04/2014; 2014(6):341654. DOI:10.1155/2014/341654 · 1.58 Impact Factor
"It is characterized by implant, growth and development of endometrial tissue in extra uterine sites  . It affects 3–20% of women in their reproductive years and 20–50% of women with infertility  . Immune system disorders, genetic predisposition, altered peritoneal environment and endometrial alterations are believed to increase the susceptibility to disease    . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: IntroductionTyrosine kinase 2 gene (TYK2) is part of the janus kinase (JAK) that binds to the type I interferon-α receptor (IFNAR) on the cell surface of IFN-producing cells, and have crucial importance in the etiology of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Many polymorphisms of the TYK2 gene have been identified, and recently, a number of case–control studies were conducted to investigate the association of these polymorphisms with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, with conflicting results. Based on these observations, we hypothesized that the TYK2 polymorphisms (rs34536443, rs2304256, rs280523, rs12720270 and rs12720356) might be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and/or infertility.Methods
Genetic association study comprising 275 infertile women with endometriosis, 92 women with idiopathic infertility and 307 fertile women as controls. TYK2 polymorphisms were identified by TaqMan PCR. Genotype distribution, allele frequency and haplotype analysis of the TYK2 polymorphisms were performed. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.ResultsSingle-marker analysis revealed that TYK2 rs34536443 was significantly associated with protection against endometriosis-related infertility, especially in moderate/severe disease (p = 0.002; OR = 0.24, 95% IC = 0.09–0.62). No difference was found considering the infertile group without endometriosis. No associations were found considering rs2304256, rs280523, rs12720270 and rs12720356 either for endometriosis-related infertility group or idiopathic infertility group. Haplotype analysis of five TYK2 polymorphisms identified a haplotype “CTATG” associated with protection against endometriosis-related infertility, especially in moderate/severe disease (p = 0.027).Conclusion
This is the first study to report an association between TYK2 polymorphisms and endometriosis and/or infertility. These findings require replication in other populations but suggest the TYK2 rs34536443 polymorphisms and “CTATG” haplotype can be associated with a decreased susceptibility to endometriosis-related infertility in Brazilian women.
Human immunology 01/2013; 74(1):93–97. DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2012.09.007 · 2.14 Impact Factor
"Several studies have revealed FOXP3 act as target genes for development and maturation of Tregs (Marson et al. 2007; Zheng et al. 2007). A recent study showed that promoter polymorphism −3279 A/C relative to the translation start site is associated with an increased risk of psoriasis in a Chinese population (Gao et al. 2010). Variants in the promoter of FOXP3 are also associated with type 1 diabetes in Japanese patients (Bassuny et al. 2003). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Parasites exert a selection pressure on their hosts and are accountable for driving diversity within gene families and immune gene polymorphisms in a host population. The overwhelming response of regulatory T cells during infectious challenges directs the host immune system to lose the ability to mount parasite specific T cell responses. The underlying idea of this study is that regulatory single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) can cause significant changes in gene expression in functional immune genes. We identified and investigated regulatory SNPs in the promoter region of the FOXP3 gene in a group of Gabonese individuals exposed to a variety of parasitic infections. We identified two novel and one promoter variants in 40 individual subjects. We further validated these promoter variants for their allelic gene expression using transient transfection assays. Two promoter variants, -794 (C/G) and the other variant -734/-540 (C/T) revealed a significant higher expression of the reporter gene at basal level in comparison to the major allele. The identification of SNPs that modify function in the promoter regions could provide a basis for studying parasite susceptibility in association studies.
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