In AbetaPP-overexpressing cultured human muscle fibers proteasome inhibition enhances phosphorylation of AbetaPP751 and GSK3beta activation: effects mitigated by lithium and apparently relevant to sporadic inclusion-body myositis.
ABSTRACT Muscle fiber degeneration in sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) is characterized by accumulation of multiprotein aggregates, including aggregated amyloid-beta (Abeta)-precursor protein 751 (AbetaPP751), Abeta, phosphorylated tau, and other 'Alzheimer-characteristic' proteins. Proteasome inhibition is an important component of the s-IBM pathogenesis. In brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and AD transgenic-mouse models, phosphorylation of neuronal AbetaPP695 (p-AbetaPP) on Thr668 (equivalent to T724 of AbetaPP751) is considered detrimental because it increases generation of cytotoxic Abeta and induces tau phosphorylation. Activated glycogen synthase kinase3beta (GSK3beta) is involved in phosphorylation of both AbetaPP and tau. Lithium, an inhibitor of GSK3beta, was reported to reduce levels of both the total AbetaPP and p-AbetaPP in AD animal models. In relation to s-IBM, we now show for the first time that (1) In AbetaPP-overexpressing cultured human muscle fibers (human muscle culture IBM model: (a) proteasome inhibition significantly increases GSK3beta activity and AbetaPP phosphorylation, (b) treatment with lithium decreases (i) phosphorylated-AbetaPP, (ii) total amount of AbetaPP, (iii) Abeta oligomers, and (iv) GSK3beta activity; and (c) lithium improves proteasome function. (2) In biopsied s-IBM muscle fibers, GSK3beta is significantly activated and AbetaPP is phosphorylated on Thr724. Accordingly, treatment with lithium, or other GSK3beta inhibitors, might benefit s-IBM patients.
Article: AbetaPP-overexpression and proteasome inhibition increase alphaB-crystallin in cultured human muscle: relevance to inclusion-body myositis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Amyloid-beta precursor protein (AbetaPP) and its fragment amyloid-beta (Abeta) are increased in s-IBM muscle fibers and appear to play an important role in the pathogenic cascade. alphaB-Crystallin (alphaBC) was shown immunohistochemically to be accumulated in s-IBM muscle fibers, but the stressor(s) influencing alphaBC accumulation was not identified. We now demonstrate, using our experimental IBM model based on genetic overexpression of AbetaPP into cultured normal human muscle fibers, that: (1) AbetaPP overexpression increased alphaBC 3.7-fold (p=0.025); (2) additional inhibition of proteasome with epoxomicin increased alphaBC 7-fold (p=0.002); and (3) alphaBC physically associated with AbetaPP and Abeta oligomers. We also show that in biopsied s-IBM muscle fibers, alphaBC was similarly increased 3-fold (p=0.025) and physically associated with AbetaPP and Abeta oligomers. We propose that increased AbetaPP is a stressor increasing alphaBC expression in s-IBM muscle fibers. Determining the consequences of alphaBC association with Abeta oligomers could have clinical therapeutic relevance.Neuromuscular Disorders 01/2007; 16(12):839-44. · 2.80 Impact Factor