How to control miRNA maturation?
ABSTRACT In this point of view we discuss the role of co-activators and co-repressors of miRNA precursors maturation, the possibility that their functions are post translationally regulated by different signaling pathways, and their potential role in the miRNA-dependent control of cell proliferation and differentiation.
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ABSTRACT: Regulating the expression of individual miRNAs (microRNAs) is important for cell development and function. The up- or down-regulation of the processing of specific miRNA precursors to the mature active form represents one tool to control miRNA concentration and is mediated by proteins that recognize the terminal loop of the RNA precursors. Terminal loop recognition is achieved by the combined action of several RNA-binding domains. The proteins can then regulate the processing by recruiting RNA enzymes, changing the RNA structure and preventing or enhancing the accessibility and processing activity of the core processing complexes. The present review focuses on how terminal loop-binding proteins recognize their RNA targets and mediate their regulatory function(s), and highlights how terminal loop-mediated regulation relates to the broader regulation of mRNA metabolism.Biochemical Society Transactions 08/2013; 41(4):861-5. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Understanding the molecular mechanisms that control the balance between multipotency and differentiation is of great importance to elucidate the genesis of both developmental disorders and cell transformation events. To investigate the role of the RNA binding protein KSRP in controlling neural differentiation, we used the P19 embryonal carcinoma cell line that is able to differentiate into neuron-like cells under appropriate culture conditions. We have recently reported that KSRP controls the differentiative fate of multipotent mesenchimal cells owing to its ability to promote decay of unstable transcripts and to favor maturation of select micro-RNAs (miRNAs) from precursors. Here we report that KSRP silencing in P19 cells favors neural differentiation increasing the expression of neuronal markers. Further, the expression of two master transcriptional regulators of neurogenesis, ASCL1 and JMJD3, was enhanced while the maturation of miR-200 family members from precursors was impaired in KSRP knockdown cells. These molecular changes can contribute to the reshaping of P19 cells transcriptome that follows KSRP silencing. Our data suggests that KSRP function is required to maintain P19 cells in a multipotent undifferentiated state and that its inactivation can orient cells towards neural differentiation.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 02/2013; · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNA duplices are separated into a guide and a passenger strand. By convention, the guide represents the active microRNA while the passenger is supposedly degraded. However, passenger strands also emerge as active microRNAs. It is unknown whether the guide-to-passenger-strand ratio can be actively regulated and which factors influence strand incorporation into the RISC. Here, we identify a microRNA with a variable guide-to-passenger-strand ratio along with its regulatory factor: Human Argonaute-3 specifically enhances the passenger strand expression and activity of the tumor suppressor microRNA let-7a. This post-maturational effect is mediated by the Ago3 PAZ and MID domains yielding an elevated affinity for let-7a-3p. Notably, this is independent of the 5'-terminal basepair stability, challenging the universality of the respective rule for microRNA strand selection. Thus, this study uncovers the first protein regulator of the ratio between microRNA guide and passenger strand expression and activity.RNA biology 10/2013; 10(10). · 5.56 Impact Factor