Itraconazole, an effective adjunctive treatment for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.

Immunoallergology Department, Coimbra University Hospital, Coimbra, Portugal.
Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología (Impact Factor: 2.64). 01/2009; 19(5):404-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report the case of a 21-year old man with a long-standing history of severe asthma and allergic rhinosinusitis who developed progressive worsening of dyspnea, wheezing, productive cough, and nasal obstruction, with little response to antibiotics and repeated short courses of oral corticosteroids. A diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis was made on the basis of a combination of clinical, laboratory and radiographic findings.Treatment with oral methylprednisolone and itraconazole resulted in an improvement in symptoms, lung function and computed tomography results, as well as in a decrease in total serum immunoglobulin E. This case report highlights the importance of a high degree of clinical suspicion in order to diagnose and treat allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with a long-standing history of severe asthma as early as possible as this has a major impact on prognosis. It also highlights the effectiveness of itraconazole as adjunctive therapy to systemic corticosteroids in this condition.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) is a hypersensitivity-mediated disease of worldwide distribution. We reviewed 143 reported global cases of ABPM due to fungi other than aspergilli. The commonest etiologic agent was Candida albicans, reported in 60% of the cases, followed by Bipolaris species (13%), Schizophyllum commune (11%), Curvularia species (8%), Pseudallescheria boydii species complex (3%) and rarely, Alternaria alternata, Fusarium vasinfectum, Penicillium species, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Stemphylium languinosum, Rhizopus oryzae, C. glabrata, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Trichosporon beigelii. India accounted for about 47% of the globally reported cases of ABPM, attributed predominantly to C. albicans, followed by Japan (16%) where S. commune predominates, and the remaining one-third from the USA, Australia and Europe. Notably, bronchial asthma was present in only 32% of ABPM cases whereas its association with development of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is known to be much more frequent. The cases reviewed herein revealed a median IgE value threefold higher than that of ABPA, suggesting that the etiologic agents of ABPM incite a stronger immunological response than that by aspergilli in ABPA. ABPM is currently underdiagnosed, warranting comprehensive basic and clinical studies in order to elucidate its epidemiology and to devise a more effective therapy.
    Critical Reviews in Microbiology 02/2013; · 6.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to clarify the influence of sensitization to Bjerkandera adusta (B. adusta) on the clinical manifestation in patients with fungus-associated chronic cough (FACC). Seventeen patients with FACC who underwent bronchoprovocation tests using an antigenic solution of B. adusta were selected from among 21 FACC patients. We compared the allergological findings and clinical characteristics of the FACC patients who showed a positive reaction to the bronchoprovocation test (Allergic fungal cough sensitized to B. adusta; AFC-Bj) with the remaining FACC patients (non AFC-Bj) retrospectively. The eleven patients with AFC-Bj had a median age of 52 (range, 22-70) years, and 45.5% were female. The respective values for six patients with non AFC-Bj were 47.5 (range, 36-60) years of age, and 33.3% were female. The positive ratios for an immediate cutaneous reaction (45.5%; p<0.05) and the lymphocyte stimulation test (63.6%; p<0.05) to B. adusta were found to be significantly higher in the AFC-Bj group than in the non AFC-Bj group. The total time required for complete remission of cough symptoms was longer (median 20, range 12-43 weeks; p=0.0009), and the recurrence ratio of coughing was more frequent in the AFC-Bj group in comparison to those in non AFC-Bj group (2, range 1-3 times and 0.5, range 0-1 times, respectively). This study demonstrated that B. adusta, a basidiomycetous is an environmental fungus attracting attention because of its possible role in enhancing the cough severity of FACC patients via the sensitization to this fungus.
    Nippon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi 01/2011; 52(3):205-12.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 26, 2014