Three-dimensional imaging of the larynx for pre-operative planning of laryngeal framework surgery.
ABSTRACT Modern laryngeal framework surgery (LFS) requires an exact understanding of the laryngeal biomechanics and precise pre-operative planning, for which bi-planar imaging is not sufficient. The aim of the study was to test whether MIMICS, a commercially available software package for three-dimensional (3D) rendering of high-resolution computerised tomography (HRCT), is suitable for 3D imaging of the larynx, analysis of laryngeal biomechanics and pre-operative planning. We examined four cadaver larynx and one patient larynx. In the five larynges, all relevant structures and landmarks could be 3D visualised. Superimposing of two HRCT scans shows that when the arytenoids move from 'respiration' to 'phonation', they perform a rotating, translating and tilting motion. Moreover, we could demonstrate that the vocal fold elongates by 7% with cricothyroid approximation. We conclude that MIMCS is well suited for 3D imaging of the larynx, analysis of laryngeal biomechanics and pre-operative planning of LFS procedures.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to create an anatomical correct 3D rapid prototyping model (RPT) for patients with complex heart disease and altered geometry of the atria or ventricles to facilitate planning and execution of the surgical procedure. Based on computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images, regions of interest were segmented using the Mimics 9.0 software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). The segmented regions were the target volume and structures at risk. After generating an STL-file (StereoLithography file) out of the patient's data set, the 3D printer Ztrade mark 510 (4D Concepts, Gross-Gerau, Germany) created a 3D plaster model. The patient individual 3D printed RPT-models were used to plan the resection of a left ventricular aneurysm and right ventricular tumor. The surgeon was able to identify risk structures, assess the ideal resection lines and determine the residual shape after a reconstructive procedure (LV remodelling, infiltrating tumor resection). Using a 3D-print of the LV-aneurysm, reshaping of the left ventricle ensuring sufficient LV volume was easily accomplished. The use of the 3D rapid prototyping model (RPT-model) during resection of ventricular aneurysm and malignant cardiac tumors may facilitate the surgical procedure due to better planning and improved orientation.Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery 03/2008; 7(1):6-9.
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ABSTRACT: Recent advances in computer-modeling software allow reconstruction of facial symmetry in a virtual environment. This study evaluates the use of preoperative computer modeling and intraoperative navigation to guide reconstruction of the maxillofacial skeleton. Three patients with traumatic maxillofacial deformities received preoperative, thin-cut axial CT scans. Three-dimensional reconstructions, virtual osteotomies, and bony reductions were performed using MIMICS planning software (Materialise, Ann Arbor, MI). The original and "repaired" virtual datasets were then imported into an intraoperative navigation system and used to guide the surgical repair. Postoperative CT scans and photographs reveal excellent correction of enophthalmos to within 1 mm in patient 1, significant improvement in symmetry of the nasoethmoid complex in patient 2, and reconstruction of the zygomaticomaxillary complex location to within 1 mm in patient 3. Computer modeling and intraoperative navigation is a relatively new tool that can assist surgeons with reconstruction of the maxillofacial skeleton.Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 11/2007; 137(4):624-31. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: For better evaluation of long-term results of orthognathic surgery, movements of osteotomized maxillary and mandibular segments should be documented both in x-, y-, and z-axes and in terms of kind of movement (either linear or rotational movements). Lateral cephalometric, anteroposterior cephalometric, and submentovertex radiographs of 14 patients, treated with combined orthodontic and surgical treatment for skeletal class III malocclusion, were reevaluated retrospectively to demonstrate the applicability and usefulness of defined parameters in four maxillary and five mandibular movements. There was no clinically significant relapse in the follow-up period of 6 months in any of the patients. Differences between preoperative and postoperative measurements to demonstrate the linear movement in the z-axis, rotational movements in the x-axis and y-axis of the maxilla, and the linear movement in the z-axis of the mandibula were found to be statistically significant. Differences between early postoperative and late postoperative measurements to demonstrate rotational movement in the y-axis of the maxilla and rotational movement in the y-axis of the mandibula were found to be statistically significant. In this article, the possible tridimensional movements and cephalometric measurements of osteotomized bony segments after LeFort I and sagittal split osteotomy surgery were defined for better evaluation and follow up of the postoperative results.Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 08/2007; 18(4):792-9. · 0.69 Impact Factor