Violence in youth sports: hazing, brawling and foul play
ABSTRACT By separating hazing, brawling, and foul play and failing to recognise that their connection to sport binds them together into a cohesive subset of sport injury and youth violence, past research has failed to show how sports-related violence is a broad example of interpersonal violence. The acceptance of violence within the sporting culture may, in part, explain why sports-related violence has not yet been widely recognised as a public health concern. This review shows that sports-related violence, including hazing, brawling and foul play, occurs among youth athletes of all ages and in a variety of different sports. The few studies to address this issue have all acknowledged the dangers of sports-related violence; however, no incident tracking method has been developed. Future research must provide accurate national estimates of the incidence of sports-related violence among youth, identify associated risk factors, evaluate preventive interventions and identify effective methods of distributing and implementing evidence-based interventions. Monitoring the magnitude and distribution of the burden of sports-related violence and building the scientific infrastructure necessary to support the development and widespread application of effective sports-related prevention interventions are essential first steps toward a reduction in the incidence of sports-related violence.
- SourceAvailable from: Geraldo A. Fiamenghi-Jr[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aggression may be understood as a behavioral expression aimed to cause injury or damage to others. Anxiety is generated when stimuli are interpreted as threatening, inducing a state of activation by the autonomic system, and tension. This study aimed to investigate the associations between measures of trait and state anxiety and aggression in Jujitsu athletes. 23 athletes aged 14 to 58 years, male and female participated in the study, being assessed by the Competition Aggression Scale, STAI and CSAI. Results showed that less anxious fighters who suffered more pressure from their parents tended to physically attack their opponents. It also suggests that athletes that are more anxious tend to manipulate situations in their own favor.
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ABSTRACT: In its third iteration, the Concussion in Sport Group identified 10 modifying factors that were presumed clinically to influence the investigation and management of concussions in sports. "Dangerous style of play" was delineated as one of these factors, most likely based on clinical lore. These modifying factors were retained in a more recent Concussion in Sport Group statement. To date, there has been no concerted effort to support or refute the inclusion of this constellation of behaviors as a modifying factor in sports-related concussion. This article reviews and summarizes the limited evidence related to a dangerous style of play in sports-related concussion, offers a preliminary assessment of its relevance as a modifying factor, and provides additional information on other aspects of player, coach, and governing body behavior and their potential effect(s) on reducing concussive injuries.The Physician and sportsmedicine 09/2014; 42(3):20-25. DOI:10.3810/psm.2014.09.2071 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: To examine whether a diverse range of both structured and unstructured routine activities is associated with offending, and whether activities have crime-specific effects. Method: Data on 15-year-olds from the fourth wave of the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime were analyzed (minimum n = 3,064). Principal components analyses identified core routine activities. Random intercepts logistic regression models examined their associations with assault, fare evasion, shoplifting, vandalism, and drug use. Results: Core routine activities identified were hanging around with friends locally, hanging around away from home, nightlife, cultural and consumer activities, and involvement in youth clubs and sports. All had associations with offending, though effects varied by offense. For example, involvement in youth clubs and sports was positively associated with assault and fare evasion; involvement in nightlife was positively associated with assault and drug use; and hanging out with friends locally was positively associated with assault, shoplifting, and vandalism. Conclusions: It is theorized that the varied targets and facilitators present in different activity settings help account for study results. Findings are limited by the cross-sectional character of data analyzed and may be influenced by selection effects. They would benefit from further testing with longitudinal data.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 08/2013; 50(3):390-416. DOI:10.1177/0022427811432641 · 2.23 Impact Factor