Violence in youth sports: hazing, brawling and foul play

College of Education, School of Physical Activity and Educational Services, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.
British Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.03). 10/2009; 44(1):32-7. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.068320
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT By separating hazing, brawling, and foul play and failing to recognise that their connection to sport binds them together into a cohesive subset of sport injury and youth violence, past research has failed to show how sports-related violence is a broad example of interpersonal violence. The acceptance of violence within the sporting culture may, in part, explain why sports-related violence has not yet been widely recognised as a public health concern. This review shows that sports-related violence, including hazing, brawling and foul play, occurs among youth athletes of all ages and in a variety of different sports. The few studies to address this issue have all acknowledged the dangers of sports-related violence; however, no incident tracking method has been developed. Future research must provide accurate national estimates of the incidence of sports-related violence among youth, identify associated risk factors, evaluate preventive interventions and identify effective methods of distributing and implementing evidence-based interventions. Monitoring the magnitude and distribution of the burden of sports-related violence and building the scientific infrastructure necessary to support the development and widespread application of effective sports-related prevention interventions are essential first steps toward a reduction in the incidence of sports-related violence.

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    • "Each sport specifies which conducts are accepted [2] [3]. Therefore, a definition of aggression can be any way of behavior aiming to cause damage or injury towards others, including in that category physical aggression as well as verbal or nonverbal intimidation [4] [5]. When fighting sports such as boxing, Jujitsu, judo, or karate, cause damage, it is considered accidental, making it hard to assess that component. "
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    ABSTRACT: Aggression may be understood as a behavioral expression aimed to cause injury or damage to others. Anxiety is generated when stimuli are interpreted as threatening, inducing a state of activation by the autonomic system, and tension. This study aimed to investigate the associations between measures of trait and state anxiety and aggression in Jujitsu athletes. 23 athletes aged 14 to 58 years, male and female participated in the study, being assessed by the Competition Aggression Scale, STAI and CSAI. Results showed that less anxious fighters who suffered more pressure from their parents tended to physically attack their opponents. It also suggests that athletes that are more anxious tend to manipulate situations in their own favor.
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    British Journal of Sports Medicine 01/2010; 44(1):1-3. DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2009.069484 · 5.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is no empirical research on alcohol-related aggression and antisocial behaviour in non-US collegiate athletes. The present study addressed this gap by examining these behaviours in Australian university sportspeople. Cross-sectional. University sportspeople and non-sportspeople completed questionnaires on alcohol consumption, aggressive and antisocial behaviours (e.g., abused, hit or assaulted someone, made unwanted sexual advance, damaged property) when intoxicated. Participants also reported whether they had been the victim of similar aggressive or antisocial behaviours. Demographic data and known confounders were collected. Hierarchical logistic regression models accounting for confounders and alcohol consumption scores found that university sportspeople were significantly more likely than non-sportspeople to have displayed aggressive behaviour (i.e., insulted or assaulted someone; OR 1.65, 95% CI: 1.19, 2.28, p=.003), and damaged property (OR 1.98, 95% CI: 1.38, 2.84, p<.0005) in the past year when intoxicated. Sportspeople were no more likely to have received aggression, had property damaged due to others intoxication (OR 1.21, 95% CI: .90, 1.62, p=.20; and OR 1.10, 95% CI: .79, 1.53, p=.57, respectively), or to have made unwanted sexual advances (OR 1.10, 95% CI: .65, 1.83, p=.74). Sportspeople were less likely to have reported being sexually assaulted when intoxicated (OR .44, 95% CI: .23, .83, p<.01). Consistent with work from the US alcohol-related aggressive and antisocial behaviours were greater in male Australian university sportspeople/athletes than in their female and non-sporting counterparts. There is a need for research explicating the interaction between alcohol, contextual and cultural aspects of sport, and sport participants.
    12/2011; 15(4):292-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2011.10.008
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