Budd-Chiari syndrome complicating hepatic sarcoidosis: definitive treatment by liver transplantation: a case report.
ABSTRACT Sarcoidotic involvement of the liver is frequent, albeit uncommonly symptomatic. Severe complications are rare, but may seldom require liver transplantation. Budd-Chiari syndrome has been described in a few patients with hepatic sarcoidosis. Herein we have reported the case of a young woman suffering from hepatic sarcoidosis who developed severe cholestasis and chronic Budd-Chiari syndrome. She successfully underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and is asymptomatic with normal liver function at 3 years follow-up. Histopathological assessment of the liver explant demonstrated a florid granulomatous process, with involvement of the large intrahepatic veins, providing an anatomical basis for the vascular flow disturbances. This case adds further evidence that liver transplantation may be the curative treatment for complicated sarcoidotic liver disease.
- The Lancet 06/1999; 353(9165):1680. · 39.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease primarily involving the lungs, lymph nodes, skin, eyes and nervous system; liver involvement is asymptomatic in most cases. However, once the patient develops clinical symptoms liver disease is usually progressive and may necessitate orthotopic liver transplantation. There are a few reports of asymptomatic recurrent sarcoidosis developing within the liver allograft. We report a case of early recurrence of sarcoidosis in the liver allograft diagnosed on biopsy in a patient who presented with severe hypercalcemia, kidney dysfunction, and increase in size of abdominal lymph nodes. The liver chemistry tests were within normal limits. The patient responded well to steroid treatment by normalizing serum calcium and creatinine levels and reducing lymph node size. To date, there has been no report in the literature of symptomatic recurrence of hepatic sarcoidosis following orthotopic liver transplantation.Liver Transplantation 01/2006; 11(12):1611-4. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: For religious reasons, Jehovah's witnesses refuse transfusion of blood products (red cells, platelets, plasma), but may accept organ transplantation. The authors developed a multidisciplinary protocol for liver transplantation in Jehovah's witnesses. In a 6-year period, nine Jehovah's witness patients were listed for liver transplantation. They received preoperative erythropoietin therapy, with iron and folic acid that allowed significant haematocrit increase. Two patients underwent partial spleen embolization to increase platelet count. Seven patients underwent cadaveric whole liver transplantation, and two right lobe living-related liver transplantation, using continuous circuit cell saving system and high dose aprotinin. No patient received any blood product during the surgical procedure. One patient suffering from deep anaemia after living-related liver transplantation was transfused as required by his family, but died from aspergillus infection. One 6-year-old child was transfused against her parent's will. The authors demonstrated that it is possible to increase haematocrit and platelet levels in cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation. They were able to reduce intraoperative need for blood products, allowing liver transplantation in prepared Jehovah's witness patients. This experience may be beneficial for non-Jehovah's witness liver transplant recipients.Transplant International 09/2005; 18(8):929-36. · 3.16 Impact Factor