Glanzmann thrombasthenia: An update
ABSTRACT Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by qualitative or quantitative abnormalities of the platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa. Physiologically, this platelet receptor normally binds several adhesive plasma proteins, and this facilitates attachment and aggregation of platelets to ensure thrombus formation at sites of vascular injury. The lack of resultant platelet aggregation in GT leads to mucocutaneous bleeding whose manifestation may be clinically variable, ranging from easy bruising to severe and potentially life-threatening hemorrhages. In this review we discuss the main characteristics of GT, focusing on molecular defects, diagnostic evaluation and treatment strategies.
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ABSTRACT: Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is an autosomal recessive inherited platelet function defect characterized by normal platelet count, prolonged bleeding time and abnormal clot retraction. This disease typically presents in infancy or early childhood and has proven to have very good prognosis. In this case study, a 22-year-old GT patient who also developed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection after sometime is reported. The patient showed oral manifestations of gingival hyperplasia and petechial lesions. Unfortunately the detection of both thrombasthenia and HIV were done at considerably late stages which contributed to a poor prognosis. The patient died of cardiopulmonary arrest secondary to HIV, thrombasthenia and thrombocytopenia. The importance of early detection, supportive care and communication between the general and oral physician in management of the GT is also discussed.International journal of preventive medicine 04/2014; 5(4):500-4.
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ABSTRACT: Platelets are cytoplasmatic fragments from bone marrow megakaryocytes present in blood. In this work, we review the basis of platelet mechanisms, their participation in syndromes and in arterial thrombosis, and their potential as a target for designing new antithrombotic agents. The option of new biotechnological sources is also explored.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 10/2014; 15(10):17901-17919. DOI:10.3390/ijms151017901 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) was initially developed to treat bleeding episodes in patients with congenital hemophilia and inhibitors. Due to the initial success in this clinical setting, its use has been extended to other coagulopathies characterized by impaired thrombin generation, i.e. acquired hemophilia, inherited factor VII deficiency and Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, for which it is currently licensed. Extensive research in the last decade has increased our knowledge of the mechanisms utilized by rFVIIa to restore normal hemostasis. This paper reviews current understanding of the mechanisms of action of rFVIIa before summarizing the clinical experience, in terms of safety and efficacy, to date in its licensed indications.Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014; 39(2). DOI:10.1007/s11239-014-1114-1 · 2.04 Impact Factor