Contribution of angiographic and electrocardiographic parameters of reperfusion to prediction of mortality and morbidity after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial.
ABSTRACT Reperfusion with primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction leads to improved clinical outcomes. The contribution angiographic vs electrocardiographic reperfusion parameters confer on prognosis is unclear.
A prespecified subset of the APEX-AMI trial patients was analyzed by independent angiographic and electrocardiographic core laboratories (n = 1,018). Angiographic reperfusion after PCI and electrocardiogram 30 minutes post-PCI were assessed.
Of the 941 patients in the angiographic substudy, 796 (85%) attained post-PCI Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow 3 and 852 (91%) had TIMI Myocardial Perfusion Grade (TMPG) 2/3. There were 664 (71%) patients with residual ST elevation (ST-E) <2 mm. Ninety-day mortality and death/CHF/shock were lower in patients with TIMI flow 3 vs <3 (1.9% vs 6.2%, P = .002; 5.8% vs 10.4%, P = .044) and those with TMPG 2/3 vs 0/1 (2.0% vs 7.9%, P = .001; 6.0% vs 11.9%, P = .028). Patients with residual ST-E <2 mm had similar rates of mortality as those with > or =2 mm (2.3% vs 3.3%, P = .374) but lower rates of death/CHF/shock (5.2% vs 9.6%, P = .013). After multivariable adjustment, only post-PCI TMPG 2/3 was significantly associated with survival (P = .001), whereas residual ST-E (P = .606) and post-PCI TIMI flow grade (P = .086) were not. Conversely, residual ST-E > or =2 mm (P = .012) rather than angiographic reperfusion was associated with the composite of death/CHF/shock events.
Angiographic and electrocardiographic estimates of reperfusion with primary PCI in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction provide different and complementary predictions of morbidity and mortality.
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ABSTRACT: ST-segment elevation (SigmaSTe) recovery and the angiographic myocardial blush (MB) grade are useful markers of microvascular reperfusion after recanalization of the infarct-related artery. We investigated the ability of a combined analysis of MB grade and SigmaSTe changes to identify different patterns of myocardial reperfusion shortly after primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and to predict 7-day and 6-month left ventricular (LV) functional recovery. MB grade and SigmaSTe recovery were evaluated shortly after successful primary PTCA (restoration of TIMI grade 3 flow) in 114 consecutive patients with SigmaSTe acute myocardial infarction. LV function was assessed by 2D echocardiograms before PTCA and at 7 days and 6 months thereafter. By combining MB and SigmaSTe changes, 3 main groups of patients were identified. Group 1 patients (n=60) had both significant MB (grade 2 to 3) and SigmaSTe recovery (>50% versus basal SigmaSTe) and a high rate of 7-day (65%) and 6-month (95%) LV functional recovery. In group 2 patients (n=21), who showed MB but persistent SigmaSTe, the prevalence of early LV functional recovery was low (24%) but increased up to 86% in the late phase. Group 3 patients (n=28), who had neither significant MB nor SigmaSTe resolution, had poor early (18%) and late (32%) LV functional recovery. After successful primary PTCA, integrated analysis of MB and SigmaSTe recovery allows a real-time grading of microvascular reperfusion of the infarct area and predicts the time-course and magnitude of LV functional recovery.Circulation 08/2002; 106(3):313-8. · 15.20 Impact Factor
- Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2004; 44(6):1215-1223.
Article: ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction--executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 1999 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction).Circulation 09/2004; 110(5):588-636. · 15.20 Impact Factor