Effect of honey and its major royal jelly protein 1 on cytokine and MMP-9 mRNA transcripts in human keratinocytes.

Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Experimental Dermatology (Impact Factor: 4.12). 10/2009; 19(8):e73-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2009.00994.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Honey has been used since ancient times as a remedy in wound healing. However, even though the results from randomized clinical trials document that honey accelerates wound healing, no study dealing with its influence on human skin cells (epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblast) has been performed. We demonstrate that keratinocytes, which are known to be involved in wound healing, are responsible for elevated production of mediators including cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and TGF-beta) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) after incubation with honey. Real-time PCR was performed for the quantification of mRNA level of selected cytokines and MMP-9. Furthermore, we show that the increased level of MMP-9 in the epidermis following incubation with honey leads to degradation of type IV collagen in the basement membrane. These data indisputably demonstrate that honey activates keratinocytes and support the findings that honey may accelerate wound healing process.

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    ABSTRACT: Our previous research found that tetraspanin CD9 is downregulated in migrating epidermis during wound healing, and CD9 downregulation contributes to keratinocyte migration via matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activation. However, little is known about the mechanisms involved in CD9-regulated keratinocyte migration and MMP-9 activation. In this study, we revealed that the expressions of integrin subunits β5 and β6 were regulated by CD9. Furthermore, CD9 silencing triggered the switch from αvβ5 to αvβ6 integrin in HaCaT keratinocytes and CD9 overexpression reversed the switch. Importantly, integrin αvβ6 functional blocking antibody 10D5 significantly inhibited CD9 silencing-induced keratinocyte migration and MMP-9 activation, suggesting that the switch from αvβ5 to αvβ6 integrin plays a key role in CD9-regulated cell migration and MMP-9 activation in keratinocytes.
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