Multicentre trial evaluating alveolar NO fraction as a marker of asthma control and severity

Cabinet La Berma, Antony, France.
Allergy (Impact Factor: 6). 10/2009; 65(5):636-44. DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02221.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Exhaled NO can be partitioned in its bronchial and alveolar sources, and the latter may increase in the presence of recent asthmatic symptoms and in refractory asthma. The aim of this multicentre prospective study was to assess whether alveolar NO fraction and FE(NO) could be associated with the level of asthma control and severity both at the time of measurement and in the subsequent 3 months.
Asthma patients older than 10 years, nonsmokers, without recent exacerbation and under regular treatment, underwent exhaled NO measurement at multiple constant flows allowing its partition in alveolar (with correction for back-diffusion) and bronchial origins based on a two-compartment model of NO exchange; exhaled NO fraction at 50 ml/s (FE(NO,0.05)) was also recorded. On inclusion, severity was assessed using the four Global initiative for asthma (GINA) classes and control using Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ). Participants were followed-up for 12 weeks, control being assessed by short-ACQ on 1st, 4th, 8th and 12th week.
Two-hundred patients [107 children and 93 adults, median age (25th; 75th percentile) 16 years (12; 38)], 165 receiving inhaled corticosteroid, were included in five centres. The two-compartment model was valid in 175/200 patients (87.5%). Alveolar NO and FE(NO,0.05) did not correlate to control on inclusion or follow-up (either with ACQ /short-ACQ values or their changes), nor was influenced by severity classes. Alveolar NO negatively correlated to MEF(25-75%) (rho = -0.22, P < 0.01).
Alveolar and exhaled NO fractions are not indexes of control or severity in asthmatic children and adults under treatment.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammation in the small airways might contribute to incomplete asthma disease control despite intensive treatment in some subgroups of patients. Exhaled NO (FeNO) is a marker of inflammation in asthma and the estimated NO contribution from small airways (CalvNO ) is believed to reflect distal inflammation. Recent studies recommend adjustments of CalvNO for trumpet model and axial diffusion (TMAD-adj). This study aimed to investigate the clinical correlates of CalvNO , both TMAD-adjusted and unadjusted.
    Allergy 06/2014; DOI:10.1111/all.12430 · 6.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fractioned exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a noninvasive marker of inflammation in asthmatic patients. FeNO can be used to monitor airway inflammation, but individual responses make tailored interventions based on FeNO difficult. The correlation between the asthma control test (ACT), FEV1, and FeNO was evaluated in this study to ascertain the correct usage of FeNO with different asthma phenotypes regarding their control, allergy, comorbidity, obesity, age, smoking status, and severity. ACT, pulmonary function, and FeNO in 416 asthmatic patients on combined therapy were retrospective evaluated. Correlations between these parameters and the FeNO levels in different asthma phenotypes were calculated. In the study population, FeNO was 31.8 ± 28.5 parts per billion (ppb), FEV1 was 83.4 ± 19% and ACT was 19 ± 5.2. ACT scores were negatively correlated with FeNO (r = -0.31; p = 0.002). FeNO was different in patients with positive and negative skin-prick test (p < 0.05), with and without allergic rhinitis (p < 0.01), and with and without allergic conjunctivitis (p < 0.01). Significantly higher FeNO levels were found with logistic regression analysis only in patients with a history of emergency room visits (ERVs) (p = 0.024). The rate of the ERV of the patients with an ACT score more than or equal to 20 and with a FeNO value of more than 35 ppb was 22.9%, but with a FeNO value of less than 35 ppb was 6.5% (p = 0.004). Allergy and allergic comorbidities may lead to an increase in FeNO levels. Patients with a history of ERV have markedly higher FeNO levels, although they have an ACT score more than or equal to 20.
    01/2014; 5(3):157-61. DOI:10.2500/ar.2014.5.0099
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide can be measured at multiple flow rates to determine proximal (maximum airway nitric oxide flux; JawNO) and distal inflammation (alveolar nitric oxide concentration; CANO). The main aim was to study the association among symptoms, lung function, proximal (maximum airway nitric oxide flux) and distal (alveolar nitric oxide concentration) airway inflammation in asthmatic children treated and not treated with inhaled glucocorticoids.
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine 08/2014; 14(1):126. DOI:10.1186/1471-2466-14-126 · 2.49 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 23, 2014