Feasibility of a day-camp model of modified constraint-induced movement therapy with and without botulinum toxin A injection for children with hemiplegia.
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility of modified constraint-induced (CI) therapy provided in a 2-week day-camp model with and without intramuscular botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections for children with congenital cerebral palsy. Sixteen children with congenital hemiplegia, Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) level I and II, aged 8-17 years, participated in a CI therapy day camp; of whom five participants (aged 11-16 years) received intramuscular BoNT-A prior to CI therapy. Assessments were conducted 4 months and 2 weeks before (baselines 1 and 2), immediately after, and 6 months after the day camp. For the children who received BoNT-A, no statistical analyses were conducted due to the small size of the sample. In this group, consistent improvement was only found according to the Melbourne Unilateral Limb Assessment. The children who received only the CI therapy demonstrated improvements in the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (p =. 04) at posttest, but improvements were not sustained at 6-month follow-up. No significant improvement was obtained for the Melbourne Assessment or the Assisting Hand Assessment. Children in both groups improved on specially trained tasks: frisbee golf, stacking blocks, and in-hand manipulation. Feedback from the participants suggests that the day-camp model is a feasible intervention following intramuscular BoNT-A injections. The results suggest that children with congenital hemiplegia with varying severity of impairment in hand function may benefit from CI therapy, but not every child demonstrates improvements in hand function. The characteristics of children who respond the best to CI therapy are not clear.
Article: INCITE: A randomised trial comparing constraint induced movement therapy and bimanual training in children with congenital hemiplegia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP) accounting for 1 in 1300 live births. These children have limitations in capacity to use the impaired upper limb and bimanual coordination deficits which impact on daily activities and participation in home, school and community life. There are currently two diverse intensive therapy approaches. Traditional therapy has adopted a bimanual approach (BIM training) and recently, constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) has emerged as a promising unimanual approach. Uncertainty remains about the efficacy of these interventions and characteristics of best responders. This study aims to compare the efficacy of CIMT to BIM training to improve outcomes across the ICF for school children with congenital hemiplegia. A matched pairs randomised comparison design will be used with children matched by age, gender, side of hemiplegia and level of upper limb function. Based on power calculations a sample size of 52 children (26 matched pairs) will be recruited. Children will be randomised within pairs to receive either CIMT or BIM training. Both interventions will use an intensive activity based day camp model, with groups receiving the same dosage of intervention delivered in the same environment (total 60 hours over 10 days). A novel circus theme will be used to enhance motivation. Groups will be compared at baseline, then at 3, 26 and 52 weeks following intervention. Severity of congenital hemiplegia will be classified according to brain structure (MRI and white matter fibre tracking), cortical excitability using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), functional use of the hand in everyday tasks (Manual Ability Classification System) and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Outcomes will address neurovascular changes (functional MRI, functional connectivity), and brain (re)organisation (TMS), body structure and function (range of motion, spasticity, strength and sensation), activity limitations (upper limb unimanual capacity and bimanual motor coordination), participation restrictions (in home, school and recreation), environmental (barriers and facilitators to participation) and quality of life. This paper outlines the theoretical basis, study hypotheses and outcome measures for a matched pairs randomised trial comparing CIMT and BIM training to improve outcomes across the ICF. ACTRN12609000912280.BMC Neurology 01/2010; 10:4. · 2.17 Impact Factor