Molecular characterization of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related non-small cell lung cancer through aberrant methylation and alterations of EGFR signaling.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular influence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) on the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
The methylation profiles of 12 genes, and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS mutations were determined for samples from 229 NSCLC patients. In addition, protein expression of EGFR and HER2 in 116 NSCLCs was analyzed based on the presence or absence of COPD.
IL-12Rbeta2 and Wif-1 methylation and HER2 overexpression were more frequent events in the COPD group. Eighty nonmalignant lung tissues had no correlation with any molecular changes between the COPD and the non-COPD group. EGFR mutation was significantly higher in the non-COPD group, while EGFR expression was inversely correlated with %FEV1.0. In the COPD group, unmethylated SPARC and sFRP-2 genes or a negative CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) was a negative prognostic factor, while methylation of p16(INK4A) and WNT antagonist genes was a negative prognostic factor in the non-COPD group.
Novel characteristics of COPD-related NSCLC were identified by examination of methylation profiles and alterations of EGFR signaling. In consideration of the high sensitivity to smoking in patients with COPD, NSCLC with COPD might be a distinct population of smoke-related NSCLC, the genetic profile of which is quite different from non-COPD NSCLC.
Article: Multiplexed methylation profiles of tumor suppressor genes and clinical outcome in lung cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Changes in DNA methylation of crucial cancer genes including tumor suppressors can occur early in carcinogenesis, being potentially important early indicators of cancer. The objective of this study was to examine a multiplexed approach to assess the methylation of tumor suppressor genes as tumor stratification and clinical outcome prognostic biomarkers for lung cancer. A multicandidate probe panel interrogated DNA for aberrant methylation status in 18 tumor suppressor genes in lung cancer using a methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay (MS-MLPA). Lung cancer cell lines (n = 7), and primary lung tumors (n = 54) were examined using MS-MLPA. Genes frequently methylated in lung cancer cell lines including SCGB3A1, ID4, CCND2 were found among the most commonly methylated in the lung tumors analyzed. HLTF, BNIP3, H2AFX, CACNA1G, TGIF, ID4 and CACNA1A were identified as novel tumor suppressor candidates methylated in lung tumors. The most frequently methylated genes in lung tumors were SCGB3A1 and DLC1 (both 50.0%). Methylation rates for ID4, DCL1, BNIP3, H2AFX, CACNA1G and TIMP3 were significantly different between squamous and adenocarcinomas. Methylation of RUNX3, SCGB3A1, SFRP4, and DLC1 was significantly associated with the extent of the disease when comparing localized versus metastatic tumors. Moreover, methylation of HTLF, SFRP5 and TIMP3 were significantly associated with overall survival. MS-MLPA can be used for classification of certain types of lung tumors and clinical outcome prediction. This latter is clinically relevant by offering an adjunct strategy for the clinical management of lung cancer patients.Journal of Translational Medicine 01/2010; 8:86. · 3.41 Impact Factor