The role of four Pi transporters in the renal handling of Pi was analyzed using functional and molecular methods. The abundance of NaPi-IIa, NaPi-IIc, and Pit-2 was increased by 100% in kidney from rats on a 0.1% Pi diet, compared to a 0.6% Pi diet. Pit-1 was not modified. Type II-mediated Pi uptake in Xenopus oocytes increased as the pH of the uptake medium increased, and the opposite occurred with Pit-1 and Pit-2. At pH 6.0, Pi uptake mediated through type II was approximately 10% of the uptake at pH 7.5, but the uptake through Pit-2 was 250% of the activity at pH 7.5. Real brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) responded to pH changes following the same pattern as type II transporters. Adaptation to a 0.1% Pi diet was accompanied by a 65% increase in the V (max) of BBMV Pi transport at pH 7.5, compared to a 0.6% Pi diet. The increase was only 11% at pH 6.0. Metabolic acidosis increased the expression of NaPi-IIc and Pit-2 in animals adapted to a low Pi diet, and phosphaturia was only observed in control diet animals. The combination of the pH effect, Pi adaptation, and metabolic acidosis suggests very modest involvement of Pit-2 in renal Pi handling. Real-time PCR and mathematical analyses of transport findings suggest that NaPi-IIa RNA accounts for 95% of all Pi transporters and that type II handles 97% of Pi transport at pH 7.5 and 60% of Pi transport at pH 6.0, depending on the pH and the physiological conditions.
"For this reason, other factors may also be involved in the calcification process. Villa-Bellosta et al. showed that SLC20A2 function could be regulated by acidosis . We performed MRS to determine the local lactate level. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (FIBGC) is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder involving bilateral calcification of the basal ganglia. To identify gene mutations related to a Chinese FIBGC lineage, we evaluated available individuals in the family using CT scans. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of available family members, and both exonic and flanking intronic sequences of the SLC20A2 gene were amplified by PCR and then sequenced. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) was used to confirm the presence of mutations. Allele imbalances of the SLC20A2 gene or relative quantity of SLC20A2 transcripts were evaluated using qRT-PCR. A novel heterozygous single base-pair deletion (c.510delA) within the SLC20A2 gene was identified. This deletion mutation was found to co-segregate with basal ganglia calcification in all of the affected family members but was not detected in unaffected individuals or in 167 unrelated Han Chinese controls. The mutation will cause a frameshift, producing a truncated SLC20A2 protein with a premature termination codon, most likely leading to the complete loss of function of the SLC20A2 protein. This mutation may also lead to a reduction in SLC20A2 mRNA expression by approximately 30% in cells from affected individuals. In conclusion, we identified a novel mutation in SLC20A2 that is linked to FIBGC. In addition to the loss of function at the protein level, decreasing the expression of SLC20A2 mRNA may be another mechanism that can regulate SLC20A2 function in IBGC individuals. We propose that the regional expression pattern of SLC20A1 and SLC20A2 might explain the unique calcification pattern observed in FIBGC patients.
PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e57060. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0057060 · 3.23 Impact Factor
"Two type II Pi transporters (NaPi-2a and NaPi-2c) and two type III transporters (PiT-1 and PiT-2) are expressed in the proximal tubule of the nephron. Of them, NaPi-2a is responsible for more than 90% of Pi reabsorption under standard conditions, as estimated using physiological approaches . NaPi-2a has also been the most characterized Pi transporter, and the cellular mechanisms that regulate the apical expression of NaPi-2a in response to PTH or dietary Pi concentration have been extensively studied. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inorganic phosphate (Pi) homeostasis is maintained by the tight regulation of renal Pi excretion versus reabsorption rates that are in turn modulated by adjusting the number of Pi transporters (mainly NaPi-2a) in the proximal tubules. In response to some hormones and a high dietary Pi content, NaPi-2a is endocytosed and degraded in the lysosomes; however, we show here that some NaPi-2a molecules are targeted to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) during the endocytosis. In the TGN, NaPi-2a interacts with PIST (PDZ-domain protein interacting specifically with TC10), a TGN-resident PDZ-domain-containing protein. The extension of the interaction is proportional to the expression of NaPi-2a in the TGN, and, consistent with that, it is increased with a high Pi diet. When overexpressed in opossum kidney (OK) cells, PIST retains NaPi-2a in the TGN and inhibits Na-dependent Pi transport. Overexpression of PIST also prevents the adaptation of OK cells to a low Pi culture medium. Our data supports the view that NaPi-2a is subjected to retrograde trafficking from the plasma membrane to the TGN using one of the machineries involved in endosomal transport and explains the reported expression of NaPi-2a in the TGN.
"Previously, in a series of studies with rodent species, dietary Pi restriction acutely and chronically increased intestinal NaPi-IIb transporter expression (Cross et al., 1990; Hattenhauer et al., 1999, Segawa et al., 2004). Similar responses have been reported in goats, humans and fishes (Huber et al., 2002; Sugiura et al., 2007; Villa-Bellosta et al., 2010). In our study, the reduction of Pi in the diet had a significant effect on the Pi uptake and the expression of the Na-Pi cotransporter by stimulating increase in the mRNA levels only in the duodenum. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal phosphate (Pi) absorption across the apical membrane of small intestinal epithelial cells is mainly mediated by the type IIb Na-coupled phosphate co-transporter (NaPi-IIb), but its expression and regulation in the chicken remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the mRNA and protein levels of NaPi-IIb in three regions of chicken small intestine, and related their expression levels to the rate of net phosphate absorption. Our results showed that maximal phosphate absorption occurs in the jejunum, however the highest expression levels of NaPi-IIb mRNA and protein occurs in the duodenum. In response to a low-Pi diet (TP 0.2%), there is an adaptive response restricted to the duodenum, with increased brush border membrane (BBM) Na-Pi transport activity and NaPi-IIb protein and mRNA abundance. However, when switched from a low- (TP 0.2%) to a normal diet (TP 0.6%) for 4 h, there is an increase in BBM NaPi-IIb protein abundance in the jejunum, but no changes in BBM NaPi-IIb mRNA. Therefore, our study indicates that Na-Pi transport activity and NaPi-IIb protein expression are differentially regulated in the duodenum vs the jejunum in the chicken.
Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 10/2012; 25(10):1457-65. DOI:10.5713/ajas.2012.12187 · 0.54 Impact Factor
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