Article

Organ dose conversion coefficients on an ICRP-based Chinese adult male voxel model from idealized external photons exposures.

Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Physics in Medicine and Biology (Impact Factor: 2.92). 11/2009; 54(21):6645-73. DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/54/21/014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A high-resolution whole-body voxel model called CAM representing the Chinese adult male was constructed in this paper based on a previous individual voxel model. There are more than 80 tissues and organs in CAM, including almost all organs required in the ICRP new recommendation. The mass of individual organs has been adjusted to the Chinese reference data. Special considerations were given to representing the gross spatial distribution of various bone constituents as realistically as possible during the construction of the site-specific skeleton. Organ dose conversion coefficients were calculated for six idealized external photon exposures from 10 keV to 10 MeV by using Monte Carlo simulation. The resulting dose coefficients were then compared with those from other models, e.g. CMP, ICRP 74, Rex, HDRK-man and VIP-man. Old and new effective male doses of CAM were calculated by using the tissue weighting factors from ICRP 60 and 103 Publications, respectively. Dosimetric differences between mathematical and voxel models, and the differences between Asian and Caucasian models are also discussed in this paper.

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