Detection of sputum Aspergillus galactomannan for diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in haematological patients.
ABSTRACT We investigated the diagnostic utility of Aspergillus galactomannan (GM) in sputum for diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in haematologic patients and compared the results with those of bronchial lavage fluid (BLF) and serum. Patients were classified into 4 groups using modified European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer criteria: group A, proven IPA; group B, probable IPA; group C, possible IPA; group D, others. Groups A and B were considered the IPA group (n = 6); group D was considered non-IPA group (n = 37); group C (n = 13) was equivocal for IPA. As a true negative control, sputa from patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) without risk factors (group E, n = 22) were used. From the receiver-operating characteristic curves, the cut-off levels were determined as 1.2 in sputum, 0.5-1.3 in BLF and 0.5 in serum. The sensitivity and specificity of sputum, BLF and serum GM were 100 and 62.2%, 66.7 and 100%, and 83.3 and 81.1%, respectively. Twenty-two patients with CAP (group E) showed median GM levels in the sputa of 0.1 (range 0.0-1.0). Sputum GM is a useful non-invasive test for screening of IPA in haematological patients, and may also be useful for assessment of the risk of developing IPA.
Article: Systematic review and meta-analysis of detecting galactomannan in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for diagnosing invasive aspergillosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) galactomannan (GM) assay has been used for diagnosing invasive aspergillosis (IA). We aimed to derive a definitive estimate of the overall accuracy of BAL-GM for diagnosing IA. We undertook a systematic review of thirty diagnostic studies that evaluated the BAL-GM assay for diagnosing IA. PubMed and CBM (China Biological Medicine Database) databases were searched for relevant studies published in all languages up until Feb 2012. The pooled diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) were constructed for each cutoff value. Additionally, pooled sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), and positive and negative likelihood ratios (PLR and NLR, respectively) were calculated for summarizing overall test performance. Thirty studies were included in this meta-analysis. The summary estimates of pooled DOR, SEN, SPE, PLR, and NLR of the BAL-GM assay (cutoff value 0.5) for proven or probable IA were 52.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 31.8-87.3), 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.92), 0.89 (95% CI 0.85-0.92), 8.0 (95% CI 5.7-11.1) and 0.15 (95% CI 0.10-0.23) respectively. The SROC was 0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96). Compared with cutoff value of 0.5, it has higher DOR, SPE and PLR, and similar SEN and NLR with cutoff value of 1.0, which indicated the optimal cutoff value might be 1.0. Compared with BAL-GM, serum GM has a lower SEN and higher SPE, while PCR displays a lower SEN and a similar SPE. With the optimal cutoff value of 1.0, the BAL-GM assay has higher SEN compared to PCR and serum GM test. It is a useful adjunct in the diagnosis of proven and probable IA.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(8):e43347. · 4.09 Impact Factor