Mesenchymal stem cell-based prostacyclin synthase gene therapy for pulmonary hypertension rats.
ABSTRACT Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the pluripotent cells, which enter the circulation and home to sites of tissue injury or inflammation. MSCs are highlighted as a potential cell vector for gene therapy. In this study, we investigated whether transplanted allogeneic MSCs preferentially accumulate in the lung in rats with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and if so to determine the efficacy of MSC-based prostacyclin synthase (PCS) gene therapy for PH. PH was induced in Lewis rats by injecting monocrotaline at 7-weeks-old (week 0). MSCs were obtained by culturing bone marrow mononuclear cells. Allogeneic MSCs were intravenously transplanted at week 2 when moderate PH had been established. PH enhanced indium-111-oxine-labeled MSC accumulation in the lungs, but not in other organs, 2.5-times and 6-times, 1 and 14 days after transplantation, respectively. Transplantation of MSCs transduced with PCS (PSC-MSCs), but not with GFP (GFP-MSCs), reduced PH, pulmonary arterial thickening, and RV hypertrophy at week 4. The lung prostacyclin production was impaired in PH rats, which was restored and maintained for long time by PCS-MSCs, but not by GFP-MSCs. The survival rate at week 7 was 100% in PCS-MSC-transplanted PH rats, whereas they were 38 and 44% in PH rats and GFP-MSC-transplanted PH rats, respectively. In conclusion, the gene-engineered MSCs would be a suitable cell vector for gene delivery specifically to the PH lung. The allogeneic PCS-MSC transplantation attenuated PH and cardiovascular remodeling, and improved the prognosis in PH rats. The MSC-based PCS gene therapy may be a promising strategy for PH treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Recent progress in using stem cells for tissue repair and functional restoration has aroused much attention due to its potential to provide a cue for many diseases such as myocardial infarction. Stem cell therapy for cardiovascular disease has been studied extensively at both experimental and clinical levels. Pluripotent stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells were proven to be effective for myocardial regeneration, angiogenesis, and cardiac functional restoration. In this review, we will concisely discuss advantages and disadvantages of currently-used stem cells for cardiovascular repair and regeneration. The limitations and uniqueness of some types of stem cells will also be discussed. Although substantial progress has been made over the last decade about stem cells in cardiovascular regeneration, many challenges lie ahead before the therapeutic potentials of stem cells can be fully recognized.Genes & Diseases. 07/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Hematopoiesis and vascular homeostasis are closely linked to each other via subsets of circulating bone marrow-derived cells with potent activity to repair endothelial injury and promote angiogenesis. As a consequence, abnormalities in hematopoiesis will eventually affect vascular health. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a vascular disease characterized by severe remodeling of the pulmonary artery wall. Over the past decade, circulating hematopoietic cells have been assigned an increasing role in the remodeling, such that these cells have been used in new therapeutic strategies. More recently, research has been extended to the bone marrow where these cells originate to identify abnormalities in hematopoiesis that may underlie PAH. Here, we review the current literature and identify gaps in knowledge of the myeloid effects on PAH.Pulmonary circulation. 12/2013; 3(4):781-91.
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ABSTRACT: Within the span of two decades, cell-based regenerative therapies for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) have progressed from bench-side hypotheses to clinical realities. Promising preclinical investigations examining the therapeutic potential of endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) populations have demonstrated both the safety and efficacy of these cell types and provided the foundation for first-in-man clinical trials. Moreover, these studies have improved our understanding of the therapeutic mechanisms by which stem/progenitor cells exert their regenerative functions. Ultimately, these discoveries have led to new applications for stem and progenitor cells including the autologous cell reseeding of decellularized or synthetic lung scaffolds. In this review, an overview of established and emerging cell and tissue regenerative therapies for pulmonary lung diseases are discussed along with recent advancements in the emerging field of repopulating decellularized or bioengineered lung scaffolds with stem/progenitor cells for allogeneic transplant.The Canadian journal of cardiology 08/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor