Health and Related Factors for Sudanese Refugees in Nebraska

IDepartment of Anthropology and Geography, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0368, USA.
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health (Impact Factor: 1.16). 01/2006; 8(1):19-33. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-006-6339-9
Source: PubMed


Results of a health survey covering demographics, health risk/prevention factors, and barriers to health care among 263 refugees from Sudan, now living in Nebraska, are presented. Data are compared to Nebraska's general and minority populations. Sudanese refugees are generally young, highly mobile, uneducated, and live in poverty. Refugees are proportionally different from other Nebraskans, in terms of risk factors and rates of common U.S. conditions, but are unable to use preventive systems for maintaining high health status. Nearly 40% do not have health or dental insurance, 20% have never visited a dental or eye care professional, and 11% have never been to a doctor. Federal programs should standardize resettlement site screening so that mobile populations can begin the resettlement process healthy and prevent the spread of infectious disease. Good health at the outset will allow more time and resources for education, language, and employment acquisition, all of critical importance to the Sudanese refugee community.

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    • "Forced migrations have diverse historical and political causes and involve people who, while all displaced, find themselves in different situations and predicaments (Malkki, 1995). Resettlement has an influence on refugee health as demonstrated in Australia (Omeri et al., 2006), the USA (Piwowarczyk and Keane, 2007; Willis and Nkwocha, 2006), and Canada (Bierman et al., 2009; Hankivsky and Christoffersen, 2008; Oxman-Martinez et al., 2005; Thurston and Vissandjée, 2005; Vissandjée et al., 2007). Gemignani (2011) specifically underlines that the past is a source of psychological stress and uncertainty that impact on resettlement. "
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    ABSTRACT: Accepted for publication.
    01/2015; DOI:10.1108/IJHRH-12-2014-0031
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    • "However, the small sample (n ¼ 142) prohibited meaningful analysis of the Sudanese sub-group (n ¼ 25) data (McMichael 2008). Poor HIV knowledge and patterns of sexual-risk behaviour have been found in studies conducted with Sudanese communities in Sudan (Ali and Pett 2005; Allen 2007) and resettlement countries such as the USA (Tompkins et al. 2006; Willis and Nkwocha 2006). However, the dearth of studies focusing on sexual health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours within unique sociocultural contexts of individual resettlement communities continues to limit our ability to respond with appropriate interventions. "
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    Culture Health & Sexuality 09/2012; 14(8):911-24. DOI:10.1080/13691058.2012.709639 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    • "Harrison, & Heneghan, 2004; Hynes & Cardozo, 2000; Lipson, Weinstein, Gladstone, & Sarnoff, 2003; Willis & Nkwocha, 2004). In fact, Willis and Nkwocha (2004) argued that physical health problems can be a significant impediment to refugees' adjustment in resettlement because illness and other health conditions may interfere with their employment and ability to effectively access resources such as language education, effectively. "
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