Simultaneous enrichment of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 and O26 and Salmonella in food samples using universal preenrichment broth.
ABSTRACT Universal preenrichment broth (UPB) was compared with modified Escherichia coli broth with novobiocin (mEC+n) for enrichment of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157 and O26, and with buffered peptone water (BPW) for preenrichment of Salmonella enterica. Ten strains each of the three pathogens were inoculated into beef and radish sprouts following thermal, freezing, or no treatment. With regard to O157 and O26, UPB incubated at 42 degrees C recovered significantly more cells from inoculated beef than UPB at 35 degrees C and from radish sprout samples than UPB at 35 degrees C and mEC+n. With regard to Salmonella, UPB incubated at 42 degrees C was as effective as UPB at 35 degrees C and BPW at recovering cells from beef and radish sprout samples. No significant difference was noted between the effectiveness of UPB at 42 degrees C and UPB at 35 degrees C or BPW in the recovery of Salmonella from 205 naturally contaminated poultry samples. By using UPB at 42 degrees C, one O157:H7 strain was isolated from the mixed offal of 53 beef samples, 6 cattle offal samples, and 50 pork samples all contaminated naturally, with no pathogen inoculation. The present study found that UPB incubated at 42 degrees C was as effective as, or better than, mEC+n for enrichment of O157 and O26 and comparable to BPW for preenrichment of Salmonella. These findings suggest that a great deal of labor, time, samples, and space may be saved if O157, O26, and Salmonella are enriched simultaneously with UPB at 42 degrees C.
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ABSTRACT: We compared the efficiency of universal pre-enrichment broth (UPB), modified Escherichia coli broth containing novobiocin (mEC + n), modified Tryptic Soy Broth (mTSB) and mTSB with novobiocin (mTSB + n) for the enrichment of non-O157 Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). Freeze-injured and control non-O157 STEC (O91, O103, O111, O119, O121, O145 and O165) strains were used to artificially contaminate beef and radish sprout samples, which were then cultivated in each of the four enrichment media. After incubation, STEC strains were detected by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and plating assays. Enrichment in mEC + n was least effective for facilitating the detection of uninjured STEC strains in radish sprouts, while mTSB + n was least effective for enriching freeze-injured non-O157 STEC strains from beef samples for detection by LAMP assay. UPB and mTSB were superior to mEC + n and mTSB + n for the enrichment of non-O157 STEC from food samples. The enrichment of non-O157 STEC was negatively affected by the addition of novobiocin to enrichment broths. Novobiocin should not be added to media used for the enrichment of non-O157 STEC in food when cell injury is anticipated.Letters in Applied Microbiology 05/2011; 53(2):167-73. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent epidemiological data suggest a link between the consumption of bovine offal products and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection in Japan. This study thus examined the prevalence of STEC in various types of these foods. PCR screened 229 bovine offal products for the presence of Shiga toxin (stx) gene. Thirty-eight (16·6%) samples were stx positive, of which eight were positive for rfbE(O157) and three were positive for wzy(O26). Four O157 and one O26 STEC isolates were finally obtained from small-intestine and omasum products. Notably, homogenates of bovine intestinal products significantly reduced the extent of growth of O157 in the enrichment process compared to homogenates of beef carcass. As co-incubation of O157 with background microbiota complex from bovine intestinal products in buffered peptone water, in the absence of meat samples, tended to reduce the extent of growth of O157, we reasoned that certain microbiota present in offal products played a role. In support of this, inoculation of generic E. coli from bovine intestinal products into the homogenates significantly reduced the extent of growth of O157 in the homogenates of bovine intestinal and loin-beef products, and this effect was markedly increased when these homogenates were heat-treated prior to inoculation. Together, this report provides first evidence of the prevalence of STEC in a variety of bovine offal products in Japan. The prevalence data herein may be useful for risk assessment of those products as a potential source of human STEC infection beyond the epidemiological background. The growth characteristic of STEC O157 in offal products also indicates the importance of being aware when to test these food products.Epidemiology and Infection 06/2011; 140(4):655-64. · 2.87 Impact Factor