A Danish national survey of women operated with mid-urethral slings in 2001
ABSTRACT To perform a national survey on self-reported cure, satisfaction and complications four years after mid-urethral sling (MUS) for urinary stress incontinence in Danish women operated in 2001.
A postal questionnaire survey.
All Danish women who received an MUS operation in 2001 extracted from the Danish National Patient Register.
The women received a validated postal questionnaire in 2005. The questionnaire included questions about subjective cure, satisfaction, complications and a Danish version of International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. The study was carried out in cooperation with the Danish National Board of Health.
A total of 335 (92%) women responded to the questionnaire, among whom 105 (32%) felt completely cured, 119 (36%) were much improved, 55 (17%) were improved and 48 (15%) unchanged or worse. Cure rate varied between departments from 0% to 67%. Low-volume departments (<10 operations/year) had a significantly (p = 0.05) lower cure rate compared to the department with a higher volume. Altogether, 238 (73%) women were very satisfied with their operation. Self-reported bladder emptying difficulties were reported by 103 (32%) and the need for clean intermittent catherization (CIC) at any stage was reported by 21 (7%). No woman was still performing CIC. Of the women, 126 (42%) had made contact with the healthcare system because of their operation after discharge from hospital.
Long-term outcome of MUS operations in Denmark in terms of cure, satisfaction and complication rates seems comparable to international results; however, the decentralized organization with many low-volume departments seems inappropriate.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) was introduced in 1996 as a new and innovative surgical approach in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In this study we evaluate the long-term objective and subjective outcomes in a non-selected patient population 10 years after the retropubic TVT procedure. METHODS: All women (603) operated on with retropubic TVT at four gynecological departments from September 1998 through December 2000 were identified, and those still alive (542) were invited to participate in this population-based prospective study. For subjective data a short-form urinary incontinence disease-specific questionnaire was used. For objective evaluation the women underwent a stress test. Data collected were merged with previously stored data in the Norwegian National Incontinence Registry Database. RESULTS: We included 483 women; 327 attended a clinical follow-up consultation and 156 had a telephone interview. Median duration of follow-up was 129 months. Objective cure rate was 89.9 %, subjective cure rate was 76.1 %, and 82.6 % of the patients stated they were "very satisfied" with their surgery (treatment satisfaction rate). Only 2.3 % of the women had undergone repeat SUI surgery. Subjective voiding difficulties were reported by 22.8 %, the majority describing slow stream or intermittency. De novo urgency incontinence increased significantly from 4.1 % 6-12 months after surgery to 14.9 % at the 10-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term objective and subjective outcome after retropubic TVT is excellent with a low number of re-operations even in a non-selected cohort of patients.International Urogynecology Journal 02/2013; 24(8). DOI:10.1007/s00192-013-2058-2 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate potential risk factors for long-term (10-year) subjective and objective failure of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape procedure (TVT). Secondary risk analysis was performed using data from a recently published multi-center study that were merged with additional preoperative and operative data individually stored in the Norwegian Female Incontinence Registry (NFIR). Subjective data from 483 women and objective data from 327 women were obtained 10 years after retropubic TVT surgery. A validated questionnaire was used for subjective outcome data and a stress test for objective outcome data. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed using preoperative and operative variables extracted from the NFIR. The outcomes were 10-year subjective failure defined as women stating not cured, and objective failure was defined as ≥1 g urinary leakage during stress testing. Age ≥56 years at the time of TVT surgery was associated with both long-term subjective failure (adjusted OR: 2.15, CI: 1.40-3.30) and long-term objective failure (adjusted OR: 2.81, CI: 1.30-6.09). Mixed incontinence was associated with subjective, but not objective failure if the urgency incontinence component was severe (adjusted OR: 2.33, CI: 1.27-4.28). Surgical complications occurring at or immediately following surgery were associated with both outcomes in the univariate analyses, but were only an independent risk factor for subjective failure in the multivariate analysis (adjusted OR: 3.02, CI: 1.53-5.95). Age ≥56 years, a severe preoperative urgency incontinence component and surgical complications seem to represent independent risk factors for long-term (10-year) failure. Neurourol. Urodynam. 9999:XX-XX, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Neurourology and Urodynamics 09/2014; 33(7). DOI:10.1002/nau.22466 · 2.46 Impact Factor