Alteration of hydrogen metabolism of ldh-deleted Enterobacter aerogenes by overexpression of NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase.

Institute of Biochemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 3.81). 10/2009; 86(1):255-62. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-009-2274-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase FDH1 gene (fdh1), cloned from Candida boidinii, was expressed in the ldh-deleted mutant of Enterobacter aerogenes IAM1183 strain. The plasmid of pCom10 driven by the PalkB promoter was used to construct the fdh1 expression system and thus introduce a new dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) regeneration pathway from formate in the ldh-deleted mutant. The knockout of NADH-consuming lactate pathway affected the whole cellular metabolism, and the hydrogen yield increased by 11.4% compared with the wild strain. Expression of fdh1 in the ldh-deleted mutant caused lower final cell concentration and final pH after 16 h cultivation, and finally resulted in 86.8% of increase in hydrogen yield per mole consumed glucose. The analysis of cellular metabolites and estimated redox state balance in the fdhl-expressed strain showed that more excess of reducing power was formed by the rewired NADH regeneration pathway, changing the metabolic distribution and promoting the hydrogen production.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An NADH dehydrogenase encoded by the nuo cluster was isolated and impaired by knocking out the nuoB gene in Enterobacter aerogenes to examine its effect on hydrogen production. Three nuoB-deleted mutant strains were constructed from the wild-type strain E. aerogenes IAM1183 and two recombinant strains, IAM1183-A (ΔhycA) and IAM1183-O (ΔhybO), from which the hycA and hybO genes had already been deleted previously, respectively. Compared with the performance of the wild-type strain, the overall hydrogen production of the mutants IAM1183-B (ΔnuoB), IAM1183-AB (ΔhycA/ΔnuoB) and IAM1183-BO (ΔhybO/ΔnuoB) was increased by 49.2%, 54.0%, and 52.4% in batch culture, respectively. The hydrogen yields from glucose by the three mutants IAM1183-B, IAM1183-AB, IAM1183-BO were 1.38, 1.49, and 1.39 mol H2/mol glucose, respectively, while it was 1.16 mol H2/mol glucose in the wild-type strain. Metabolic flux analysis indicated that all three mutants exhibited reduced fluxes to lactate production, and enhanced fluxes toward the generation of hydrogen, acetate, ethanol, succinate and 2,3-butanediol. Both the formate pathway and the NADH pathway contributed to increased hydrogen production in the mutant strains. The assay of 4 NADH-mediated enzyme activities (H2ase, LDH, ADH and BDDH) was in accordance with the redistributions of the metabolic fluxes in the mutant strains.
    International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 11/2012; 37(21):15875-15885. · 2.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metabolic engineering is recognized as one of the most important technologies for improving fermentative hydrogen yield. A vector with hydrogenase genes (hoxEFUYH) from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 under an alkB promoter was constructed, and introduced into Escherichia coli DH5α to alter the hydrogen metabolism with glucose as the sole carbon source. The recombinant strain reached a highest hydrogen yield of 1.89 mol/mol glucose, which was 95% of the theoretical hydrogen yield of E. coli. Hydrogenase activities for hydrogen evolution were increased and formic acid assimilation was accelerated with the expression of hoxEFUYH. The expression of hoxEFUYH suppressed the transcription of native hydrogenase 1 and hydrogenase 2, which were responsible for hydrogen uptake activity, while it had no influence on the transcription of the hydrogenase 3. Moreover, as the electron donor of HoxEFUYH is NADH, the expressed HoxEFUYH expanded the substrate specificity of the hydrogen-evolving hydrogenase in E. coli.
    Biochemical Engineering Journal 01/2012; 60:81-86. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Succinate is a core biochemical building block; optimizing succinate production from biomass by microbial fermentation is a focus of basic and applied biotechnology research. Lowering pH in anaerobic succinate fermentation culture is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly approach to reducing the use of sub-raw materials such as alkali, which are needed for neutralization. To evaluate the potential of bacteria-based succinate fermentation under weak acidic (pH <6.2) and anaerobic conditions, we characterized the anaerobic metabolism of Enterobacter aerogenes AJ110637, which rapidly assimilates glucose at pH 5.0. Based on the profile of anaerobic products, we constructed single-gene knockout mutants to eliminate the main anaerobic metabolic pathways involved in NADH re-oxidation. These single-gene knockout studies showed that the ethanol synthesis pathway serves as the dominant NADH re-oxidation pathway in this organism. To generate a metabolically engineered strain for succinate production, we eliminated ethanol formation and introduced a heterogeneous carboxylation enzyme, yielding E. aerogenes strain ΔadhE/PCK. The strain produced succinate from glucose with a 60.5 % yield (grams of succinate produced per gram of glucose consumed) at pH <6.2 and anaerobic conditions. Thus, we showed the potential of bacteria-based succinate fermentation under weak acidic conditions.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 06/2014; 98(18). · 3.81 Impact Factor