The role of mindfulness in borderline personality disorder features.

Psychology Department, John Jay College of Criminal Justice/City University of New York, New York, NY 10019, USA.
The Journal of nervous and mental disease (Impact Factor: 1.81). 10/2009; 197(10):766-71. DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181b97343
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study investigated whether deficits in mindfulness (attention, awareness, and acceptance of the present moment) underlie variability in borderline personality disorder (BPD) features and related impairments in interpersonal functioning, impulsivity, and emotion regulation. A path analytic approach was used to examine the relationships of trait mindfulness with BPD features, interpersonal effectiveness, impulsive and passive emotion-regulation, and neuroticism in a psychiatric sample of adults (N = 70). As hypothesized, mindfulness was associated inversely with BPD features and core areas of dysfunction, and these associations continued when controlling for neuroticism. Furthermore, mindfulness deficits continued to predict BPD features even when interpersonal effectiveness, passive and impulsive emotion-regulation, and neuroticism were controlled. These findings suggest that mindfulness may be a unique predictor for the expression of BPD pathology. An emphasis on mindfulness may thus be crucial in enhancing the formulation and treatment of BPD.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Zusammenfassung Die Forschung zum Thema Emotionsregulation erfreut sich auch im Bereich der Klinischen Psychologie einer zunehmenden Beliebtheit. Allerdings stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit die Popularität des Konstrukts im Einklang mit dessen Validität und tatsächlicher heuristischer Fruchtbarkeit steht. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit, einen aktuellen Überblick über Konzeptualisierungen, Erfassungsmethoden, Befunde zum Zusammenhang mit psychischen Störungen sowie Möglichkeiten der therapeutischen Nutzung des Konzeptes Emotionsregulation zu geben. Aufbauend auf einer kritischen Reflexion bisheriger Konzepte, Vorgehensweisen und Befunde werden Vorschläge gemacht, wie die Validität und die heuristische Fruchtbarkeit des Emotionsregulationsparadigmas weiter gefördert werden können. Abstract The topic of emotion regulation has become increasingly popular in clinical psychology. However, the question arises to what extent the popularity of the construct is consistent with its validity and actual heuristic value. Thus, the aim of the present review is to provide a current overview of conceptualizations of emotion regulation, of available assessment methods, of research investigating the association between emotion regulation and mental health, and of therapeutic utilizations of the paradigm. Based on a critical reflection of these research areas, suggestions are formulated on how the validity and fruitfulness of this innovative concept can be further enhanced.
    Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie 10/2014; 43(3):147-161. · 0.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study explores the relationship between Trait emotional intelligence (TEI), severity of symptoms associated with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), difficulties in emotion regulation (ER), and mindfulness ability. Postal questionnaires were employed to compare these measures for those with a diagnosis of BPD and a non-clinical sample. Across the entire sample, low TEI was associated with greater BPD symptom distress, greater difficulties in ER, and decreased mindfulness ability. TEI was lower in those with a diagnosis of BPD, and TEI scores predicted BPD diagnosis with 95% accuracy. Although conclusions are tentative, TEI may offer a useful assessment and outcome measure in treatments for BPD. Future studies with a less heterogeneous and larger BPD sample are needed to explore further the links between TEI, ER, Mindfulness and BPD.
    Personality and Individual Differences 04/2012; 52(6):674–679. · 1.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying the clinical benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). In the present review, we suggest that mindfulness-based interventions may enhance positive emotional regulation strategies, as well as self-compassion levels, and decrease rumination and experiential avoidance. These changes are, in turn, associated with several clinical benefits including the reduction of stress and depression levels, as well as the enhancement of positive emotions. Limitations and potential applications of these findings are discussed.
    Holistic nursing practice 01/2014; 28(2):124-48. · 0.34 Impact Factor


Available from
Jun 2, 2014