In a paperless world a new role for academic libraries: Providing Open Access

University of Tours, Tours, Centre, France
Learned Publishing (Impact Factor: 0.89). 04/2005; DOI: 10.1087/0953151053585028
Source: OAI


Les bibliothèques devraient être considérées comme des outils de recherche qui évoluent avec la technologie. Internet a changé la façon de communiquer la science et par conséquent le rôle des bibliothèques a changé . Les chercheurs peuvent maintenant mettre leurs articles soumis au contrôle des pairs, en Libre Accès (LA) (c.a.d.un texte intégral ,gratuit, en ligne sur le web) de deux façons différentes : (1)en les publiant dans des revues en LA et (2) en les auto-archivant dans leurs archives institutionnelles. Les bibliothécaires sont les meilleures alliées des chercheurs dans ces deux stratégies du LA. Quelques uns des meilleurs exemples sont décrits dans cet article. Nous en concluons qu'il faut une politique d'obligation d'auto-archiver pour accélérer la croissance du LA -et par conséquent l'usage de la recherche et son impact - partout dans le monde.

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Available from: Stevan Harnad, Nov 09, 2015
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    • "In most cases, they will likely chose free online repositories to store and publish their work, since these will are reliable, easy, and support the important other functions as well as their for-pay counterparts. They may even have an institutional mandate (Bosc and Harnad, 2005) to do so. However, if fee-based repository services can offer useful additional functions, these may emerge as well. "
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    ABSTRACT: Although many observers have advocated the reform of the scholarly publishing system, improvements to functions like peer review have been adopted sluggishly. We argue that this is due to the tight coupling of the journal system: the system's essential functions of archiving, registration, dissemination, and certification are bundled together and siloed into tens of thousands of individual journals. This tight coupling makes it difficult to change any one aspect of the system, choking out innovation. We suggest that the solution is the "decoupled journal (DcJ)." In this system, the functions are unbundled and performed as services, able to compete for patronage and evolve in response to the market. For instance, a scholar might deposit an article in her institutional repository, have it copyedited and typeset by one company, indexed for search by several others, self-marketed over her own social networks, and peer reviewed by one or more stamping agencies that connect her paper to external reviewers. The DcJ brings publishing out of its current seventeenth-century paradigm, and creates a Web-like environment of loosely joined pieces-a marketplace of tools that, like the Web, evolves quickly in response to new technologies and users' needs. Importantly, this system is able to evolve from the current one, requiring only the continued development of bolt-on services external to the journal, particularly for peer review.
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    • "access was presented (Bosc & Harnad, 2005). The Harvard Open Access Initiative was established in 2008; and is the primary reason for the open access of publications of scholarly articles. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the 21st century, we think of open source in terms of software or online full text access. A documented beginning of open source can be traced to the early 20th century with the implementation of a tool called cross-licensing agreements. These agreements allowed automobile manufacturers to share technology in the form of patents for the benefit of the American automobile industry. In the 21st century, The Cathedral and The Bazaar was the tool that gave the impetus for the open source movement. The Cathedral and The Bazaar is ultimately what brought the code for the browser Netscape into the public domain. This decision resulted in Firefox. Open source continues to ramp up and the open source movement is including universities, colleges, corporations and libraries.
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    • "This previous research is most commonly published in journals and conference proceedings, where the research papers are " refereed " by qualified experts prior to publication for quality control (Harnad, 2003) and to ensure that the research reported is rigorous and relevant in the terms of the disciplinary field being published. This research and publication process has been described as a " worldwide, collaborative, cumulative and self-corrective cycle of publishing, accessing, and using research findings in order to generate further findings, applications and publications " (Bosc and Harnad, 2005). It could also be considered a worldwide, distributed, information system. "
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    ABSTRACT: Scholarly publishing is concerned with the distribution of scholarly information through journals and conferences and other information media. As such scholarly publishing can be understood as a specific part of the information industry. With the advent of advanced information technologies many possible technologically enabled futures have been posited for scholarly publishing. This paper describes the current systems, processes and actors. While technological advancements appear to be enabling access to scholarly publications, economic conditions appear to limit access. In addition, a number of alternatives, such as open access are currently in play and there is uncertainty regarding the future of the scholarly publishing system. The system appears to be in the process of being reassembled. Conceptual models of the traditional, the electronic, and some possibilities for future developments in scholarly publishing are proposed, as are topics for future research in the information systems domain.
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