Article

In a paperless world a new role for academic libraries: Providing Open Access

University of Tours, Tours, Centre, France
Learned Publishing (Impact Factor: 0.89). 04/2005; DOI: 10.1087/0953151053585028
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Les bibliothèques devraient être considérées comme des outils de recherche qui évoluent avec la technologie. Internet a changé la façon de communiquer la science et par conséquent le rôle des bibliothèques a changé . Les chercheurs peuvent maintenant mettre leurs articles soumis au contrôle des pairs, en Libre Accès (LA) (c.a.d.un texte intégral ,gratuit, en ligne sur le web) de deux façons différentes : (1)en les publiant dans des revues en LA et (2) en les auto-archivant dans leurs archives institutionnelles. Les bibliothécaires sont les meilleures alliées des chercheurs dans ces deux stratégies du LA. Quelques uns des meilleurs exemples sont décrits dans cet article. Nous en concluons qu'il faut une politique d'obligation d'auto-archiver pour accélérer la croissance du LA -et par conséquent l'usage de la recherche et son impact - partout dans le monde.

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    • "access was presented (Bosc & Harnad, 2005). The Harvard Open Access Initiative was established in 2008; and is the primary reason for the open access of publications of scholarly articles. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the 21st century, we think of open source in terms of software or online full text access. A documented beginning of open source can be traced to the early 20th century with the implementation of a tool called cross-licensing agreements. These agreements allowed automobile manufacturers to share technology in the form of patents for the benefit of the American automobile industry. In the 21st century, The Cathedral and The Bazaar was the tool that gave the impetus for the open source movement. The Cathedral and The Bazaar is ultimately what brought the code for the browser Netscape into the public domain. This decision resulted in Firefox. Open source continues to ramp up and the open source movement is including universities, colleges, corporations and libraries.
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    • "This previous research is most commonly published in journals and conference proceedings, where the research papers are " refereed " by qualified experts prior to publication for quality control (Harnad, 2003) and to ensure that the research reported is rigorous and relevant in the terms of the disciplinary field being published. This research and publication process has been described as a " worldwide, collaborative, cumulative and self-corrective cycle of publishing, accessing, and using research findings in order to generate further findings, applications and publications " (Bosc and Harnad, 2005). It could also be considered a worldwide, distributed, information system. "
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    ABSTRACT: Scholarly publishing is concerned with the distribution of scholarly information through journals and conferences and other information media. As such scholarly publishing can be understood as a specific part of the information industry. With the advent of advanced information technologies many possible technologically enabled futures have been posited for scholarly publishing. This paper describes the current systems, processes and actors. While technological advancements appear to be enabling access to scholarly publications, economic conditions appear to limit access. In addition, a number of alternatives, such as open access are currently in play and there is uncertainty regarding the future of the scholarly publishing system. The system appears to be in the process of being reassembled. Conceptual models of the traditional, the electronic, and some possibilities for future developments in scholarly publishing are proposed, as are topics for future research in the information systems domain.
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    • "Generally the works discuss the pros and cons of IR and the roles they may play in scholarly communication in general or for institutions specifically. They speculate regarding the possible effects on major stakeholders: libraries, authors, publishers, funding agencies, and governments (Crow, 2002; Harnad, 2003; Houghton, et al., 2003; Bosc and Harnad, 2005). Some studies have surveyed authors (Swan and Brown, 1999; Swan et al, 2005; Houghton et al., 2003) regarding their requirements, views and usage of scholarly publishing including their attitudes to IR. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To review the current literature and discussion on institutional repository (IR) and open access (OA) issues, to provide examples from the Information Systems (IS) literature, and to propose the use of IS literature and further research to inform understanding of institutional repository implementations for library managers. Methodology/Approach: Recent literature is reviewed to provide the background to, and current issues in, the development of institutional repositories to support open access to refereed research output. Practical implications: Existing research is identified, as are areas for potential research. Brief examples from IS literature are provided which may provide strategies for libraries and other organisations to speed up their implementation of IR to provide access to, and management of, their own institutions refereed research output. Value of paper: The paper brings together recent opinion and research on IR and OA to provide librarians and other information managers with a review of the field, and proposes research on IR and OA building on existing IS as well as information management and librarianship research.
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