In a paperless world a new role for academic libraries: Providing Open Access
ABSTRACT Les bibliothèques devraient être considérées comme des outils de recherche qui évoluent avec la technologie. Internet a changé la façon de communiquer la science et par conséquent le rôle des bibliothèques a changé . Les chercheurs peuvent maintenant mettre leurs articles soumis au contrôle des pairs, en Libre Accès (LA) (c.a.d.un texte intégral ,gratuit, en ligne sur le web) de deux façons différentes : (1)en les publiant dans des revues en LA et (2) en les auto-archivant dans leurs archives institutionnelles. Les bibliothécaires sont les meilleures alliées des chercheurs dans ces deux stratégies du LA. Quelques uns des meilleurs exemples sont décrits dans cet article. Nous en concluons qu'il faut une politique d'obligation d'auto-archiver pour accélérer la croissance du LA -et par conséquent l'usage de la recherche et son impact - partout dans le monde.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To review the current literature and discussion on institutional repository (IR) and open access (OA) issues, to provide examples from the Information Systems (IS) literature, and to propose the use of IS literature and further research to inform understanding of institutional repository implementations for library managers. Methodology/Approach: Recent literature is reviewed to provide the background to, and current issues in, the development of institutional repositories to support open access to refereed research output. Practical implications: Existing research is identified, as are areas for potential research. Brief examples from IS literature are provided which may provide strategies for libraries and other organisations to speed up their implementation of IR to provide access to, and management of, their own institutions refereed research output. Value of paper: The paper brings together recent opinion and research on IR and OA to provide librarians and other information managers with a review of the field, and proposes research on IR and OA building on existing IS as well as information management and librarianship research.Library Management 03/2006;
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ABSTRACT: Scholarly publishing is concerned with the distribution of scholarly information through journals and conferences and other information media. As such scholarly publishing can be understood as a specific part of the information industry. With the advent of advanced information technologies many possible technologically enabled futures have been posited for scholarly publishing. This paper describes the current systems, processes and actors. While technological advancements appear to be enabling access to scholarly publications, economic conditions appear to limit access. In addition, a number of alternatives, such as open access are currently in play and there is uncertainty regarding the future of the scholarly publishing system. The system appears to be in the process of being reassembled. Conceptual models of the traditional, the electronic, and some possibilities for future developments in scholarly publishing are proposed, as are topics for future research in the information systems domain.
Article: Decoupling the scholarly journal.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although many observers have advocated the reform of the scholarly publishing system, improvements to functions like peer review have been adopted sluggishly. We argue that this is due to the tight coupling of the journal system: the system's essential functions of archiving, registration, dissemination, and certification are bundled together and siloed into tens of thousands of individual journals. This tight coupling makes it difficult to change any one aspect of the system, choking out innovation. We suggest that the solution is the "decoupled journal (DcJ)." In this system, the functions are unbundled and performed as services, able to compete for patronage and evolve in response to the market. For instance, a scholar might deposit an article in her institutional repository, have it copyedited and typeset by one company, indexed for search by several others, self-marketed over her own social networks, and peer reviewed by one or more stamping agencies that connect her paper to external reviewers. The DcJ brings publishing out of its current seventeenth-century paradigm, and creates a Web-like environment of loosely joined pieces-a marketplace of tools that, like the Web, evolves quickly in response to new technologies and users' needs. Importantly, this system is able to evolve from the current one, requiring only the continued development of bolt-on services external to the journal, particularly for peer review.Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 01/2012; 6:19. · 2.48 Impact Factor