Article

Nutzung elektronischer Medien im Jugendalter

Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz (Impact Factor: 0.72). 01/2007; DOI: 10.1007/s00103-007-0225-7
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Zusammenfassung
Die Beschftigung mit elektronischen Medien spielt fr das Freizeitverhalten von Jugendlichen eine immer grere Rolle. Aus
Sicht der Gesundheitswissenschaften stellt sich unter anderem die Frage, inwieweit die intensive Mediennutzung auf Kosten
der krperlich-sportlichen Aktivitt und der gesundheitlichen Entwicklung der Heranwachsenden geht. Die Daten des Kinder-
und Jugendgesundheitssurveys (KiGGS), die mit Fokus auf die 11- bis 17-Jhrigen ausgewertet wurden, besttigen die starke
Nutzung elektronischer Medien. Allerdings zeigen sich deutliche gruppenspezifische Unterschiede. So verbringen Jungen mehr
Zeit als Mdchen mit Computer/Internet und Spielkonsole, whrend Mdchen hufiger Musik hren und mobil telefonieren. Fernsehen
und Video schauen ist bei Jungen und Mdchen gleichermaen populr. Jugendliche aus Familien mit niedrigem Sozialstatus oder
geringer Schulbildung beschftigen sich weitaus hufiger und lnger mit elektronischen Medien, insbesondere mit Fernsehen/Video,
Spielkonsole und Handy. Gleiches gilt fr Jungen und Mdchen aus den neuen Bundeslndern und fr Jungen, jedoch nicht fr
Mdchen mit Migrationshintergrund. Ein Zusammenhang zur krperlich-sportlichen Aktivitt lsst sich fr Jugendliche feststellen,
die tglich mehr als 5 Stunden mit der Nutzung elektronischer Medien zubringen. Diese Gruppe der starken Nutzer ist zudem
vermehrt von Adipositas betroffen. Damit verdeutlichen die Ergebnisse der KiGGS-Studie, die im Einklang mit frheren Forschungsbefunden
stehen, dass die Nutzung elektronischer Medien auch aus Public-Health-Sicht relevant ist und bei Untersuchungen zur Kinder-
und Jugendgesundheit einbezogen werden sollte.

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