Article

Nutzung elektronischer Medien im Jugendalter

Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz (Impact Factor: 0.72). 01/2007; DOI: 10.1007/s00103-007-0225-7
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Zusammenfassung
Die Beschftigung mit elektronischen Medien spielt fr das Freizeitverhalten von Jugendlichen eine immer grere Rolle. Aus
Sicht der Gesundheitswissenschaften stellt sich unter anderem die Frage, inwieweit die intensive Mediennutzung auf Kosten
der krperlich-sportlichen Aktivitt und der gesundheitlichen Entwicklung der Heranwachsenden geht. Die Daten des Kinder-
und Jugendgesundheitssurveys (KiGGS), die mit Fokus auf die 11- bis 17-Jhrigen ausgewertet wurden, besttigen die starke
Nutzung elektronischer Medien. Allerdings zeigen sich deutliche gruppenspezifische Unterschiede. So verbringen Jungen mehr
Zeit als Mdchen mit Computer/Internet und Spielkonsole, whrend Mdchen hufiger Musik hren und mobil telefonieren. Fernsehen
und Video schauen ist bei Jungen und Mdchen gleichermaen populr. Jugendliche aus Familien mit niedrigem Sozialstatus oder
geringer Schulbildung beschftigen sich weitaus hufiger und lnger mit elektronischen Medien, insbesondere mit Fernsehen/Video,
Spielkonsole und Handy. Gleiches gilt fr Jungen und Mdchen aus den neuen Bundeslndern und fr Jungen, jedoch nicht fr
Mdchen mit Migrationshintergrund. Ein Zusammenhang zur krperlich-sportlichen Aktivitt lsst sich fr Jugendliche feststellen,
die tglich mehr als 5 Stunden mit der Nutzung elektronischer Medien zubringen. Diese Gruppe der starken Nutzer ist zudem
vermehrt von Adipositas betroffen. Damit verdeutlichen die Ergebnisse der KiGGS-Studie, die im Einklang mit frheren Forschungsbefunden
stehen, dass die Nutzung elektronischer Medien auch aus Public-Health-Sicht relevant ist und bei Untersuchungen zur Kinder-
und Jugendgesundheit einbezogen werden sollte.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
38 Views
  • 01/2012: pages 281-296; , ISBN: 9783131694515
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to ascertain the prevalence of multiple pains (MPs) and detect psychosocial risk factors assessed 1 year previously. MPs were defined by the number of sites where pain was reported to occur at least "sometimes" in a general population sample of 2,219 German youths. Two or more sites of recurrent pain were reported by 54% of the participants, whereas 27% reported no pains. Girls were much more prone to MPs than boys. Stability of MP was high in the two waves. Regression analysis revealed that prior MP, age, sex, internalizing/externalizing symptoms, and time spent with visual media explained 25% of the variance: the contribution of the psychosocial factors to the model was small. Separate analyses for boys and girls displayed different risk-factor profiles and a higher degree of predictability in girls. A supposedly biological disposition, namely pain vulnerability, being particularly high in girls, is assumed to build the basis of pains felt in various sites of the body. Further research is needed to corroborate and specify these assumptions.
    Journal of Pediatric Psychology 02/2011; 36(4):420-32. · 2.91 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim Children from socially disadvantaged families are deprived concerning their health status as well as their cognitive and emotional development. They show less positive health-related behaviors and less psycho-social resources. Socially disadvantaged families can hardly be reached by conventional health services and health promoting measures, and even if they are reached, the measures’ effectiveness is only limited. Therefore, aim of the BMBF-funded research project “GO–Healthy in east Leipzig” is to develop a community-based approach for health promotion by which, in particular, the access to the target group of the socially disadvantaged is improved. Subjects and methods Participatory and low-threshold interventions are integrated with already existing structures within the respective urban district. Multipliers are assigned and impart information as well as their knowledge and experiences to the target group in a manner apt and suitable to their everyday lives. Results From January 2010 to June 2011, 1,300 women took part in health-promotion measures offered within the scope of the project. Women disposing of a low income (>50%) and having a migration background (70%) were sufficiently reached, in contrast to women with a low educational level (22%). Personal contact proved to be the most important way to access the people (80%). Most frequently, activities carried out by health mediators and enjoyable activities were attended. Social contacts turned out to be an especially important motivation for participation. Conclusion Strategies such as participation and the assignment of multipliers are suitable approaches to successfully develop and implement health-promotion measures in the community/urban-district setting. To integrate health education with enjoyable, action-oriented activities in a casual manner facilitates accessing socially disadvantaged persons.
    Journal of public health 01/2012; 20:193-202. · 1.23 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
23 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014