Ego identity status, intimacy status and self-disclosure in adult men and women /
ABSTRACT Thesis (Psy. D.)--Rosemead Graduate School of Professional Psychology, 1981. Includes abstract and vita at front and "Supplement suitable for publication" at end. Includes bibliographical references (leaves -125).
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ABSTRACT: This study examines the relationship between Marcia’s identity statuses and self-esteem measures through techniques of meta-analysis. Global self-esteem, as used here, refers to one’s positive or negative attitudes toward oneself, degree of self-respect, self-worth, and faith in one’s own capacities. Identity theory would predict strong linkages between the development of self-esteem and identity; however, previous research findings have been inconsistent regarding the nature of this relationship. Two conflicting explanatory models are exam- ined here: (a) high self-esteem is linked with ‘‘high’’ identity status (achievement and moratorium) and low self-esteem with ‘‘low’’ identity status (foreclosure and diffusion); and (b) high self-esteem is linked with identity commitment and low self-esteem with lack of identity commitment. The initial database for this investigation consisted of 565 empirical studies of identity status conducted between 1966 and 2005 using the search terms ‘‘identity status,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia’s,’’ and ‘‘ego identity’’ to examine the fol- lowing databases: PsycINFO, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, and Dissertation Abstracts International. Some 35 of these studies addressed the relationship between self-esteem and identity status, with 18 studies providing data that could be used for the purposes of meta-analysis. Results do not provide clear support for either explanatory model, although support exists from categorical measures of identity status that high self-esteem is linked with the committed identity statuses. Possible reasons for the lack of clarity in results are discussed.Identity 08/2013; 13(3):201-213. DOI:10.1080/15283488.2013.799431
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ABSTRACT: Marcias identitetsstatusparadigme har vært en dominerende tilnærming i identitetsforskningen. Rundt 1100 studier har brukt modellen for å undersøke ulike dimensjoner av identitetsutviklingen, men ingen systematisk meta-analyse har vært utført. Hensikten med denne studien var å utføre to meta-analyser på identitetsstatus i forhold til angst (studie 1), og kontrollplassering (locus of control) (studie 2). Resultatene for studie 1 viste en signifikant forskjell i angstskåre mellom forclosure og moratorium og diffusion. Forclosure skårte lavere på angst enn både moratorium og diffusion. Ingen signifikante forskjeller ble funnet mellom achievement og hver av de andre statusene. Det ble ikke funnet noen kjønnsforskjeller. Resultatene for studie 2 viste signifikante korrelasjoner av svak til middels styrke, mellom identitetsstatus og kontrollplassering. Achievement korrelerte positivt med intern og negativt med ekstern kontrollplassering. Moratorium, forclosure og diffusion korrelerte negativt med intern og positivt med ekstern kontrollplassering. Resultatene fra de to studiene støtter delvis validiteten til de fire identitetsstatusene.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between identity status and anxiety through techniques of meta-analysis. Early research on identity status and anxiety showed elevated anxiety scores for those in the moratorium status and low anxiety scores among those in the foreclosure status. Later studies reported some gender differences in anxiety scores for particular identity statuses. A total of 565 empirical identity status studies conducted between 1966 and 2005 were identified from PsycINFO, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, and Dissertation Abstracts International using the following search terms: ‘‘identity status,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia’s,’’ and ‘‘ego identity.’’ Some 27 of these studies addressed the relationship between identity status and general anxiety; only 12 of these 27 investigations (N 1⁄4 1,124 participants, primarily university students) provided data that could be examined through techniques of meta-analysis. Effect size differences in anxiety scores for each pair of identity statuses for each gender were determined. Results showed anxiety scores for the identity statuses to be in generally predicted directions, although some gender differences occurred.Identity 08/2013; 13(3):214-227. DOI:10.1080/15283488.2013.799432