Dental maturation in children treated for acute lymphocytic leukemia /

Source: OAI


Thesis (M.S.)--University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, 2006. Appendices: leaves 154-300 Bibiography: leaves 133-153.

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    ABSTRACT: Therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is entering a new era in terms of quality-of-life. In the current study, 21 patients with childhood-onset ALL were assessed for linear growth, bone mineral density (BMD), and endocrinological status, focusing especially on longitudinal analysis of the growth of each patient. Linear growth was uniformly attenuated during therapy in all patients. In contrast, after the cessation of therapy, the growth of each patient varied widely from attenuated to dramatic catch-up growth. In pubertal survivors who had received chemotherapy and cranial irradiation during prepuberty, the degree of growth after the cessation of therapy was negatively correlated with changes in height Z scores during therapy ( r = -0.76, P= 0.004). One of the factors involved in catch-up growth, urinary N-telopeptide/creatinine (U-NTx/Cr), was significantly higher in patients whose Z scores decreased after cessation of therapy ( P = 0.01), despite normal pubertal development and normal endocrinological assessments. The present study revealed individual differences in linear growth after the cessation of therapy and suggests the importance of catch-up growth during puberty.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 02/2003; 21(3):172-8. DOI:10.1007/s007740300027 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dental health of 45 children who had been placed on long term evaluation after chemotherapy treatment for malignancies was examined in this study. All children had received cytotoxic drugs during the period of tooth formation. It was found that they had more filled or diseased permanent teeth than control children. Their current caries activity as indicated by initial white spot lesions was also higher. Forty-three of the children showed evidence of disturbed amelogenesis. This had resulted in aesthetically displeasing grooves, pits and discoloration. Twenty-three of the children were counseled on the possibility of cosmetic dentistry. Delayed eruption and shortened, malformed roots were also found on several patients. It was concluded that these patients constitute a high risk dental care group.
    Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology 05/1988; 16(2):68-71. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.1988.tb01845.x · 2.03 Impact Factor
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