Alignment and Adjustment of Synchronously Tuned Multiple-Resonant-Circuit Filters

Federal Telecommunication Laboratories, Inc., Nutley, N.J.
Proceedings of the IRE 12/1951; DOI: 10.1109/JRPROC.1951.273611
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT A simple method of "tuning up" a multiple-resonant-circuit filter quickly and exactly is demonstrated. The method may be summarized as follows: Very loosely couple a detector to the first resonator of the filter; then, proceeding in consecutive order, tune all odd-numbered resonators for maximum detector output, and all even-numbered resonators for minimum detector output (always making sure that the resonator immediately following the one to be resonated is completely detuned). Also considered is the correct adjustment of the two other types of constants in a filter. Filter constants can always be reduced to only three fundamental types: f0, dr(1/Qr), and Kr(r+1). This is true whether a lumped-element 100-kc filter or a distributed-element 5,000-mc unit is being considered. dr is adjusted by considering the rth resonator as a single-tuned circuit (all other resonators completely detuned) and setting the bandwidth between the 3-db-down-points to the required value. Kr(r+1) is adjusted by considering the rth and (r+1)th adjacent resonators as a double-tuned circuit (all other resonators completely detuned) and setting the bandwidth between the resulting response peaks to the required value. Finally, all the required values for K and Q are given for an n-resonant-circuit filter that will produce the response (Vp/V)2=1 +(¿f/¿f3db)2n.

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