Measurement of direction-of-arrival of coherent signals using five-port reflectometers and quasi-Yagi antennas
ABSTRACT The measurement results of detection-of-arrival (DoA) of coherent signals using five-port reflectometers and quasi Yagi antennas are presented. The receiver operating at 2.4GHz consists of eight five-port reflectometers and a uniform linear array (ULA) of eight 2.4GHz quasi-Yagi antennas. The DoA is estimated by measuring the phase difference of signals pitched by the antenna array and by using the MUSIC algorithm associated with Spatial Smoothing Pre-processing (SSP). The phase difference is determined using the five-port technique. The measurement results show that the DoA of coherent signals are well estimated with a maximum error of 2°. In addition, we also show that it is capable of estimating the time delay and direction of arrival simultaneously using the five-port technique.
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ABSTRACT: In this paper, a novel broadband planar antenna based on the classic Yagi-Uda dipole antenna is presented, and its usefulness as an array antenna is explored. This “quasi-Yagi” antenna is realized on a high dielectric-constant substrate, and is completely compatible with microstrip circuitry and solid-state devices. This antenna achieves a measured 48% frequency bandwidth for voltage standing-wave ratio <2, better than a 12-dB front-to-back ratio, smaller than -15 dB cross polarization, and 3-5-dBi absolute gain. Mutual coupling of the antenna in an array environment is investigated. Finally, three simple arrays are presented, demonstrating the usefulness of the antenna as an array element. This novel antenna should find wide application in wireless communication systems, power combining, phased arrays, and active arrays, as well as millimeter-wave imaging arraysIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 07/2000; · 2.23 Impact Factor
Conference Proceeding: Multi-path delay measurement based on five-port discriminatorWireless Technology, 2004. 7th European Conference on; 02/2004
Conference Proceeding: A new direct millimeter wave six-port receiver[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A new direct conversion wide band (23 GHz-31 GHz) six-port millimeter wave receiver suitable for integrated circuit fabrication is proposed to satisfy mass-market wireless communications. The receiver contains one multi chip module (MCM) consisting of a wide band six-port junction, four RF detectors (Schottky diodes), video amplifiers and I&Q decoder. The prototype circuits are fabricated in hybrid integrated circuits, and the receiver topology is suitable for fabrication in microwave monolithic integrated circuits (MMICs). This new hardware receiver is proposed as a robust, rugged, low cost receiver for use in wide band wireless mass market QPSK communications. Hand held and laptop terminals for future e-mail/multimedia services are a prime example of communication equipment needing such receivers. BER measurements and simulation results are presented in the presence of noise, adjacent signal interference, local oscillator (LO) phase shift and LO phase noiseMicrowave Symposium Digest, 2001 IEEE MTT-S International; 02/2001 · 2.23 Impact Factor