HFSWR based on synthetic impulse and aperture processing

Xidian University, Ch’ang-an, Shaanxi, China
IEE Proceedings - Radar Sonar and Navigation (Impact Factor: 0.55). 11/2006; 153(5):445 - 453. DOI: 10.1049/ip-rsn:20050069
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT A novel high-frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR) has been proposed, which is based on the principles of synthetic impulse and aperture processing. It uses multiple omnidirectional transmit antennae to simultaneously transmit a set of orthogonal waveforms, and the echoed signals are received and processed by one or multiple reception arrays. Although the transmit beam pattern is omnidirectional, by proper processing, the received signal multiple equivalent directional transmit beam patterns can be simultaneously formed. The signal processing scheme to obtain equivalent directional transmit beam pattern is investigated in detail. Considerations for system parameter selection to achieve an overall best system performance are proposed and discussed. In particular, for the novel HFSWR, target range and angle estimates are coupled together due to the orthogonality of the transmitted waveforms. A necessary and sufficient condition on the transmit antenna array geometry and transmit frequencies, which ensures that target range and angle estimates are uncoupled, is presented

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