Article

Eficacia de un programa educativo para la prevención y el control de infecciones intrahospitalarias en el Instituto Especializado de Enfermedades Neoplásicas, Lima, Perú

ABSTRACT En: Rev Perú Med Exp Salud Pública 2004; 21 (1). El presente es un estudio cuasiexperimental que busca evaluar la eficacia de una intervención educativa para la prevención y el control de las Infecciones IntraHospitalarias (IIH) en el personal de salud del Instituto Especializado de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN) en Lima; para ello antes y después de la implementación de un programa educativo de medidas generales para la prevención y el control de las IIH, se evaluaron los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de 378 trabajadores de salud seleccionados en forma aleatoria y estratificada la población de trabajadores del INEN. Agencia de Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo Internacional - USAID

1 Bookmark
 · 
156 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a break from the usual lecture or case discussion to teach medical ethics, this paper reports on the utilization of attitudinal surveys in the ethical areas where students face a choice of behaviours. The technique can stimulate students to better understand their own attitudes and hopefully motivate them to overcome resistance to more ethical but perhaps less desirable behaviours. However, the technique also serves as the basis for empirical ethical research. The first selection of the paper provides background on the conceptualization of attitudes, their measurement, and the statistical techniques for their analysis. In the second section, the special characteristics of medical students as a study population and ethical considerations in surveying them are discussed. Thirdly, the author uses his work in researching and in teaching about students' willingness to treat patients infected with HIV as an example of survey and analytical techniques. Finally, methods for using surveys in the classroom are presented.
    Medical Education 04/1998; 32(2):121-6. · 3.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the critical issue of motivating hospital staff to comply with standard infection control procedures. Previous psychological assessment of infection control knowledge, attitudes and behaviour has indicated that the reasons for non-compliance are very basic and reflect inter alia a low perception of the importance of the measures and a lack of motivation. It is argued that, although staff have a theoretical awareness of the value of complying with such procedures, in practice these seem to have a low priority. Compliance levels, therefore, are variable and generally of a low order. If recent advances in the fields of social psychology, behavioural psychology and clinical psychology could be imported to hospital medicine, they could have a dramatic impact in infection control. The Elaboration Likelihood Model, an effective theoretical approach to message-based persuasion, and the energizing effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes are defined. Finally, the implications of these concepts for persuasive intra-hospital communication in infection control are highlighted. They can provide a framework for developing effective infection prevention programmes.
    Journal of Hospital Infection 07/1991; 18 Suppl A:508-14. · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite their best intentions, health professionals sometimes act as vectors of disease, disseminating new infections among their unsuspecting clients. Attention to simple preventive strategies may significantly reduce disease transmission rates. Frequent hand washing remains the single most important intervention in infection control. However, identifying mechanisms to ensure compliance by health professionals remains a perplexing problem. Gloves, gowns, and masks have a role in preventing infections, but are often used inappropriately, increasing service costs unnecessarily. While virulent microorganisms can be cultured from stethoscopes and white coats, their role in disease transmission remains undefined. There is greater consensus about sterile insertion techniques for intravascular catheters-a common source of infections-and their care. By following a few simple rules identified in this review, health professionals may prevent much unnecessary medical and financial distress to their patients.
    Postgraduate Medical Journal 02/2001; 77(903):16-9. · 1.61 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from