Broadband Beamforming Using TDL-Form IIR Filters

Inf. Syst. Res. Lab., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (Impact Factor: 2.81). 04/2007; DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2006.887134
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Conventional broadband beamforming structures make use of finite-impulse-response (FIR) filters in each channel. Large numbers of coefficients are required to retain the desired signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) performance as the operating bandwidth increases. It has been proven that the optimal frequency-dependent array weighting of broadband beamformers could be better approximated by infinite-impulse-response (IIR) filters. However, some potential problems, such as stability monitoring and sensitivity to quantization errors, of the IIR filters make the implementation of the IIR beamformers difficult. In this paper, new broadband IIR beamformers are proposed to solve these problems. The main contributions of this paper include 1) the Frost-based and generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC)-based broadband beamformers utilizing a kind of tapped-delay-line-form (TDL-form) IIR filters are proposed; 2) the combined recursive Gauss-Newton (RGN) algorithm is designed to compute the feedforward and feedback weights in the Frost-based implementation; and 3) in the GSC-based structure, the unconstrained RGN algorithm is customized for the TDL-form IIR filters in the adaptive beamforming part. Compared with the beamformer using direct-form IIR filters, the new IIR beamformers offer much easier stability monitoring and less sensitivity to the coefficient quantization, while comparable SINR improvement over the conventional FIR beamformer is achieved

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