Development of SQIF-Based Output Broad Band Amplifier
ABSTRACT High-performance single flux quantum (SFQ) pulse amplifier (driver) based on superconducting quantum interference filter (SQIF) or near regular array of SQUIDs has been developed, fabricated, and tested. The driver part coupling method and circuit optimizations are discussed. The first test results of the driver prototype are reported. The experimental results confirm performance advantages of this driver design approach.
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ABSTRACT: The voltage as a function of applied magnetic field (V-B) was calculated for arrays of superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) connected in series. Comparisons were made between arrays of equal area SQUIDs and superconducting quantum interference filters (SQIFs). The areas for the SQIFs were varied exponentially, so that the V-B had a sharp minimum at zero field. We used equations for the dc SQUID based on resistively shunted junctions, with typical parameters for YBa2Cu3O7 - δ ion damage Josephson junctions. The maximum transfer coefficient of the central minimum VB = (∂V/∂B)max of the SQIF decreases as the area range increases. We find that the equal area array is more robust to the effects of non-uniform junction critical currents than the SQIF, for the junction parameters and SQUID area distributions chosen. Furthermore, we find that slight variations (~5%) to the area due to fabrication irregularities have little effect on the central minimum of V-B for either device.IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 01/2013; 23(3):1600104-1600104. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multi-loop arrays of Josephson junctions (JJs) with non-uniform area distributions, which are known as superconducting quantum interference filters (SQIFs), are the most highly sensitive sensors of changes in applied magnetic field as well as the absolute magnitude of magnetic fields. The non-uniformity of the loop sizes allows the array to produce a unique collective voltage response that has a pronounced single peak with a large voltage swing around zero magnetic field. To obtain high linear dynamic range, which is critical for a wide variety of applications, the linearity of the slope of the anti-peak response must be improved. We propose a novel scheme for enhancing linearity—a new configuration combining the SQIF array concept with the recently introduced bi-superconductive quantum interference device (SQUID) configuration, in which each individual SQUID loop is made up of three JJs as opposed to using two JJs per loop in standard dc SQUIDs. We show, computationally, that the additional junction offers a viable linearization method for optimizing the voltage response and dynamic range of SQIF arrays. We have realized SQIF arrays based on bi-SQUID cells and present first experimental results.Journal of Applied Physics 05/2012; 111(9). · 2.21 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Development of Energy-efficient Cryogenic Optical (ECO) data link[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We develop an energy efficient digital data link connecting cryogenic superconducting single flux quantum (SFQ) circuits to room-temperature electronics. The design is based on low-temperature (4 K) superconductor ERSFQ SFQ/dc drivers, high-temperature superconductor data cables spanning 4 K to 70 K temperature stages, mid-temperature (70 K) polarization modulation vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (PM VCSELs), and fiber optic links to room temperature electronics. The Energy-efficient Cryogenic Optical (ECO) data link design is based on balancing power dissipation and signal gain at each temperature stage to maximize overall energy efficiency following the recently introduced Thermo-Gain Rule. To achieve VCSEL light emission with two switchable distinct polarization modes, a cruciform-shaped anisotropic optical cavity is formed by fabrication of a photonic crystal with etched periodic air holes surrounding the unetched cruciform region. In this report, we present the results of design, fabrication, and preliminary testing of the ECO data link components.Superconductive Electronics Conference (ISEC), 2013 IEEE 14th International; 01/2013