Development of SQIF-Based Output Broad Band Amplifier
ABSTRACT High-performance single flux quantum (SFQ) pulse amplifier (driver) based on superconducting quantum interference filter (SQIF) or near regular array of SQUIDs has been developed, fabricated, and tested. The driver part coupling method and circuit optimizations are discussed. The first test results of the driver prototype are reported. The experimental results confirm performance advantages of this driver design approach.
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ABSTRACT: We develop a two-dimensional (2D) Superconducting Quantum Interference Filter (SQIF) array based on recently introduced high-linearity tri-junction bi-SQUIDs. Our bi-SQUID SQIF array design is based on a tight integration of individual bi- SQUID cells sharing inductances with adjacent cells. We provide extensive computer simulations, analysis and experimental measurements, in which we explore the phase dynamics and linearity of the array voltage response. The non-uniformity in inductances of the bi-SQUIDs produces a pronounced zero-field single antipeak in the voltage response. The anti-peak linearity and size can be optimized by varying the critical current of the additional junction of each bi-SQUID. The layout implementation of the tight 2D array integration leads to a distinct geometrical diamond shape formed by the merged dual bi-SQUID cells. Different size 2D arrays are fabricated using standard HYPRES niobium 4.5 kA/cm2 fabrication process. The measured linearity, power gain, and noise properties will be analyzed for different array sizes and the results will be compared with circuit simulations. We will discuss a design approach for the electrically small magnetic field antenna and low-noise amplifiers with high bandwidth based on these 2D bi-SQUID SQIF arrays. The results from this work will be used to design chips densely and completely covered in bi-SQUIDs that has optimized parameters such as linearity and power gain.IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 01/2013; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Planar arrays of magnetoinductively coupled rf SQUIDs belong to the emergent class of superconducting metamaterials that encompass the Josephson effect. SQUID metamaterials acquire their electromagnetic properties from the resonant characteristics of their constitutive elements, i.e., the individual rf SQUIDs, which consist of a superconducting ring interrupted by a Josephson junction. We investigate the response of a two-dimensional SQUID metamaterial to frequency variation of an applied alternating magnetic field in the presence of disorder, arising from critical current fluctuations of the Josephson elements; in effect, the resonance frequencies of individual SQUIDs are distributed randomly around a mean value. Bistability is observed in the total current-frequency curves both in ordered and disordered SQUID metamaterials; moreover, bistability is favoured by disorder through the improvement of synchronization between SQUID oscillators. Relatively weak disorder widens significantly the bistability region by helping the system to self-organize itself and leads to nearly homogeneous states that change smoothly with varying frequency. Moreover, the total current of the metamaterial is enhanced compared with that of uncoupled SQUIDs, through the synergetic action of coupling and synchronization. Multistability of nearly homogeneous states allows the metamaterial to exhibit different magnetic responses corresponding to different values of the magnetic permeability. At low power of the incident field, high-current states exhibit extreme diamagnetic properties corresponding to negative magnetic permeability in a narrow frequency region.Superconductor Science and Technology 04/2013; 26(8). · 2.76 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Development of Energy-efficient Cryogenic Optical (ECO) data link[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We develop an energy efficient digital data link connecting cryogenic superconducting single flux quantum (SFQ) circuits to room-temperature electronics. The design is based on low-temperature (4 K) superconductor ERSFQ SFQ/dc drivers, high-temperature superconductor data cables spanning 4 K to 70 K temperature stages, mid-temperature (70 K) polarization modulation vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (PM VCSELs), and fiber optic links to room temperature electronics. The Energy-efficient Cryogenic Optical (ECO) data link design is based on balancing power dissipation and signal gain at each temperature stage to maximize overall energy efficiency following the recently introduced Thermo-Gain Rule. To achieve VCSEL light emission with two switchable distinct polarization modes, a cruciform-shaped anisotropic optical cavity is formed by fabrication of a photonic crystal with etched periodic air holes surrounding the unetched cruciform region. In this report, we present the results of design, fabrication, and preliminary testing of the ECO data link components.Superconductive Electronics Conference (ISEC), 2013 IEEE 14th International; 01/2013