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O desafio do conhecimento. Pesquisa qualitativa em saúde

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: understand the experience and the meaning of child care for those who practice it in the home. METHODS: a phenomenological theoretical approach was used to analyze and interpret extracts from semi-structured interviews conducted with those responsible for the child care in 10 households in the city of Caldas de Cipó, in the State of Bahia, Brazil. RESULTS: of the various aspects of the child care, nutrition was the one of greatest concern to interviewees, given the conditions of poverty in which they live. The provision of food supplies is a key element of nutrition. The nature of the caring experience was connected not only with the personal history of the individual but also with their relationship to the day-to-day world of a particular time and space. CONCLUSIONS: given the existential meaning of care, the results of this study suggest a shift of focus in policy and actions directed at the health education of female caregivers.
    Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil 12/2008; 8(4):463-472.
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    Andrea Rosane Sousa Silva, Meirelles Montero, Estela María Leite, Luciane Soares de Lima, Ana Márcia Tenorio de Souza Cavalcanti, Waldemar Brandão Neto, Jael María De Aquino
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    ABSTRACT: El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer las políticas públicas de promoción de la salud del adolescente en la escuela, propuestas y desarrolladas bajo la responsabilidad de los gestores de educación y salud en el municipio de Recife-PE. Investigación cualitativa del tipo exploratoria-descriptiva. Participaron de la investigación 26 sujetos, entre gestores de salud y de educación de Recife-PE. La recolección de datos ocurrió entre los meses de agosto y octubre de 2011 y se grabaron las declaraciones. El análisis de los datos se basó en la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo (DSC). Los resultados presentados están compuestos por dos Ideas Centrales: Desvelando las políticas públicas en la promoción de la salud del adolescente en la escuela y Los desafíos y avances en la implantación y desarrollo del Programa Salud en la Escuela. Y, así, concluimos que el estudio a través de sus resultados sobre la realidad de las políticas públicas dirigidas a la atención a la salud del adolescente, en especial el Programa Salud en la Escuela, proporciona recursos para una reflexión crítica sobre las limitaciones administrativas en la ejecución y efectividad de las políticas intersectoriales.
    Enfermería global. 01/2015; 14(1):250-285.
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    ABSTRACT: Visual stimuli are widely employed in a many areas of science, and have been increasingly used in the area of ethnobotany. However, there has been a certain lack of preciseness, objectivity, and standardization in the use of these visual tools among ethnobotanists. A bibliographic search was undertaken to examine the use of visual stimuli in ethnobotanical investigations with the objective of contributing to discussions on their methodological limitations and making suggestions related to their terminological Correspondence/Reprint request: Dr. Patrícia Muniz de Medeiros et al. 126 standardization. A total of 43 articles published between 1985 and 2007 were examined. A majority of the studies that used visual stimuli examined various plant use-categories and interviewed people from the general community, not focusing exclusively on specialists. Slightly more than 65% of these studies examined individual plants in situ, and few of the studies commented on the efficiency of the visual stimuli techniques, making it difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of this approach and its applicability in ethnobotany. A certain degree of conceptual inflation was observed in the nomenclature employed, and we propose here a unified terminology based on the terms inventory interview, walk-in-the-woods, artifact inventory, and checklist.
    01/2008;