Confirmatory factor analysis of the thought occurrence questionnaire for sport (TOQS) among adolescent athletes
ABSTRACT There is an inherent link between theory and measurement suggesting that validation of measures should be the first stage of theory testing. The aim of the present study was to cross-validate the factorial validity of the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire for Sport for use among adolescent athletes. National standard young athletes (Individual N_/204; Team N_/360) completed the TOQS questionnaire. Single-sample and multisample confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the psychometric integrity of the hypothesized three-factor correlated model. Multisample results demonstrated invariance for factor loadings and correlations between individual and team athletes. Internal consistency coefficients were over the .70 criterion for acceptability. Findings lend support to previous validation studies conducted on samples of adult athletes and suggest that the TOQS provides an equally valid measure for use among adolescent athletes. It is suggested that the TOQS can be used to investigate theoretical issues related to cognitive interference during competition.
SourceAvailable from: Zourbanos NikosSport Psychologist 01/2009; · 0.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the factorial validity of the Estonian version of the Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory‐2 (CSAI‐2R) using confirmatory factor analysis. A total of 503 athletes (314 men and 189 women) competing in eight different sports completed the Estonian version of the CSAI‐2R. Single‐sample confirmatory factor analysis supported the factorial validity of the CSAI‐2R. The results of this CFA revealed a good fit of the data to the model (CFI = .97 and .96, RMSEA = .042 and .046 for the calibration and validation samples, respectively). Multisample results demonstrated invariance for factor loadings and correlations between calibration and validation samples. Internal consistency coefficients were over the .70 criterion for acceptability. It is suggested that the CSAI‐2R can be used to assess the competitive state anxiety of athletes. Key words: Competitive State Anxiety, factorial validityInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 02/2011; 6(1). DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2008.9671856
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ABSTRACT: The scope of the present study was first to evaluate the cross‐cultural reliability and validity of the Social Emotional Questionnaire (SEQ) and second to estimate and compare the prevalence rates of childhood developmental and psychiatric disorders in the general population of young children in the Netherlands and Greece. To this end, the caregivers of 1748 Dutch and 384 Greek 4–12‐year‐old children from the general population completed the SEQ. The number of children displaying symptoms of childhood developmental disorders was estimated by applying the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders‐IV criteria of symptom occurrence. Results showed that the reliability and the construct validity of the SEQ were acceptable in both countries and for all the age‐groups of children. Concerning the prevalence, the Greek children were found to display overall significantly more symptoms of developmental disorders than the Dutch children. However, when the number of children suffering from psychiatric symptoms in the clinical range was estimated using the clinical criteria provided by categorical classification systems, no statistical significant differences emerged between the two countries. This finding suggests that when the criterion of clinical impairment is applied in diagnostic procedures, the number of children suffering from severe psychiatric disorders is about equal in the two countries. The implications of the study are discussed.European Journal of Special Needs Education 11/2009; 24(4):437-454. DOI:10.1080/08856250903223096