Article

Shallow water acoustic networks

Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA
IEEE Communications Magazine (Impact Factor: 3.66). 12/2001; DOI: 10.1109/35.965368
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Underwater acoustic networks are generally formed by acoustically
connected ocean bottom sensor nodes, autonomous underwater vehicles
(AUVs), and surface stations that serve as gateways and provide radio
communication links to on-shore stations. The quality of service of such
networks is limited by the low bandwidth of acoustic transmission
channels, high latency resulting from the slow propagation of sound, and
elevated noise levels in some environments. The long-term goal in the
design of underwater acoustic networks is to provide for a
self-configuring network of distributed nodes with network links that
automatically adapt to the environment through selection of the optimum
system parameters. This article considers several aspects in the design
of shallow water acoustic networks that maximize throughput and
reliability while minimizing power consumption

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