PCI after lytic therapy: when and how?

European Heart Journal Supplements (Impact Factor: 5.64). 12/2008; DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/sun056
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and thrombolysis are approved therapies in the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Many clinical trials have shown that primary PCI provides better results than thrombolysis for the STEMI treatment. However, the advantages of invasive approach over fibrinolytic therapy may be blunted by low availability of experienced centres offering 24 h/7 days primary PCI service and by delay to mechanical reperfusion due to prolonged transport. Current guidelines recommend that primary PCI should be performed by skilled professionals within less than 90 (120) min after first medical contact. In practice, these requirements prohibit a large number of STEMI patients from benefiting from primary PCI because of the lack of access to an established primary PCI centre at the site of first presentation and long anticipated interhospital transfer time. Many of them are treated with lytics and referred to angiography with subsequent PCI in different time mode. Current data support the strategy of immediate PCI after lytics than waiting for rescue PCI if lysis is non-effective. The purpose of this article is to review the current approaches to patients after fibrynolytic therapy referred for PCI for STEMI.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Acute efficacy and long-term prognostic differences between ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (primary PCI) and those treated with pre-intervention thrombolysis combined with back-up of facilitated PCI has not been evaluated in Japanese patients. The purpose of the present study was therefore to evaluate the differences between treatment with primary PCI (primary-PCI group) and pre-treatment with tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) combined with back-up of facilitated PCI (prior-t-PA group). Methods and Results: One hundred and one patients with STEMI were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Patients in the prior-t-PA group were then divided into 2 further groups, the facilitated-PCI and prior-t-PA alone groups. The patency rate at initial angiography, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 6 months, and the major adverse cardiac event (MACE)-free rate at 5 years were then compared between the groups. The patency rate and LVEF in the prior-t-PA group was significantly higher than in the primary-PCI group (69% vs 17% respectively, P<0.001; 61.6 +/- 9.5% vs 55.0 +/- 11.6%, respectively; P=0.01). The MACE-free rate in the prior-t-PA group, however, was lower than in the primary-PCI group (58.7% vs 80.9%; P=0.03). The MACE-free rate in the facilitated-PCI group was equal to that in the primary-PCI group (73.7% vs 80.9%; P=0.39), whereas the MACE-free rate in the prior-t-PA-alone group was significantly lower than in the primary-PCI group (48.1% vs 80.9%; P=0.01). Conclusions: Primary PCI is superior to pre-intervention thrombolysis for long-term prognosis. Moreover, facilitated PCI may be as effective as primary PCI in patients with STEMI. (Circ J 2010; 74: 1625-1635)
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