Transmittance and monostatic reflectivity of different radar absorbing materials at 650 GHz are presented. The reflectivity was measured in plane-wave conditions in a radar cross-section (RCS) range with vertical polarization. The lowest reflectivity level (-70 dB) was achieved with commercial absorbers TK THz RAM and Firam-500 with oblique incidence angles. Floor carpets were also studied, and the reflectivity level of those was found to be sufficiently low (from -50 to -60 dB) for use in antenna test ranges. Results agree with earlier studies and indicate the applicability of the RCS method in reflectivity measurements also at 650 GHz.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) at the University of Massachusetts Lowell has investigated the electromagnetic scattering behavior of various broadband absorbers. Several absorbing materials were tested in a compact radar range operating at a center frequency of 160 GHz. The polarimetric radar cross section was measured at elevation angles from 15 to 75 . In addition to the backscattering behavior, the normal incidence transmittance of the materials was evaluated.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 01/2009; DOI:10.1117/12.822189 · 0.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A hologram-based compact antenna test range (CATR) is designed, constructed, and used to test a 1.5-m antenna at 650 GHz. The CATR is based on a 3.16-m-diameter hologram as the collimating element. So far, this is the highest frequency at which any CATR has been used for antenna tests. The quiet zone is measured and optimized before the antenna tests. The measured antenna pattern results at 650 GHz are analyzed and compared to the simulated patterns. Feed scanning antenna pattern comparison technique is used to correct the antenna pattern. These tests show the hologram CATR to be promising for antenna measurements up to 650 GHz.
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 04/2009; 57(3-57):711 - 720. DOI:10.1109/TAP.2009.2013428 · 2.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report on the detection of electromagnetic radiation at 0.65 THz by silicon field-effect transistors operated in heterodyne mode. Aiming at terahertz imaging with numerous pixels in a focal-plane array, we explore the improvement of the dynamic range achieved over power detection when the local-oscillator (LO) power is distributed quasioptically onto all detectors. These consist of resonantly antenna-coupled complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors with a gate length of 0.25 μm, and each has an integrated voltage amplifier. With a LO power of 2 μW per detector, the noise-equivalent power amounts to 8 fW/Hz, leading to an estimated improvement of the dynamic range by 29 dB.
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