Using the branch-line directional coupler in the design of microwave bandpass filters

Grupo de Microondas y Radar, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid, Spain
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques (Impact Factor: 2.94). 11/2005; DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2005.855140
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT This paper addresses the application of the branch-line directional coupler to the design of microwave bandpass filters. The basic idea consists of using the branch-line coupler as a transversal filtering section by loading the coupled ports of the coupler with suitable transmission-line segments ending in an open circuit and taking the isolated port as the output node. Thus, under the signal interference philosophy involved in classic transversal filter schemes, bandpass transfer functions with perceptible stopbands and sharp cutoff slopes are derived. Furthermore, the main characteristics of the synthesized filtering response, such as the bandwidth or the position of the out-of-band power transmission zeros, can be easily controlled by means of the design parameters of the transversal section. Hence, a large variety of bandpass filtering profiles different from those offered by classical filter schemes can be realized. Finally, the experimental usefulness of the transversal filtering section based on the branch-line coupler is proven with the design and construction in microstrip technology of two microwave bandpass filter prototypes at 5 GHz.

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