Article

Automated exercise progression in simulation-based training

Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Central Florida Univ., Orlando, FL
IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics 07/1994; 24(6):863 - 874. DOI: 10.1109/21.293505
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT As simulator-based training systems become more complex, the
amount of effort required to generate, monitor, and maintain training
exercises multiplies greatly. This has significantly increased the
burden on the instructors, potentially making the training experience
less efficient as well as less effective. Research on intelligent
tutoring systems (ITS) has largely addressed this issue by replacing the
instructor with a computer model of the appropriate pedagogical concepts
and the domain expertise. While this approach is highly desirable, the
effort required to develop and maintain an ITS can be quite significant.
A more modest as well as practical alternative to an ITS is the
development of intelligent computer-based tools that can support the
instructors in their tasks. The advantage of this approach is that
various tools can be developed to address the different aspects of the
instructor's duties. Moreover, without the burden of having to replace
the instructor, these tools are more easily developed and fielded in
existing trainers. One aspect of an instructor's task is to assess the
students' performance after each training exercise and select the next
exercise based on their previous performances. It would clearly be
advantageous if this exercise selection process were to be automated,
thus relieving the instructor of a significant burden and allowing him
to concentrate on other tasks. Therefore, the focus of this paper is the
development of a stand-alone system capable of determining exercise
progression and remediation automatically during a training session in a
simulator-based trainer, on the basis of the students's past
performance. Instructional heuristics were developed to carry out the
exercise progression process. A prototype was developed and applied to
gunnery training on the Army M1 main battle tank

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