A 500-W coupled-cavity TWT for Ka-band communication

Commun. & Power Industries, Palo Alto, CA, USA
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices (Impact Factor: 2.06). 06/2005; DOI: 10.1109/TED.2005.845867
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Worldwide demand for high-power amplifiers for digital satellite communication at Ka-band frequencies between 27 and 31 GHz is steadily increasing (2003). Communication and Power Industries (CPI) has developed a 500-W periodic permanent magnet focused coupled-cavity traveling wave tube (TWT) for conduction-cooled amplifier systems, which is being introduced into the commercial satellite communication market. The TWT is capable of greater than 500-MHz instantaneous bandwidth and is cathode voltage tunable from 28.3 to 30 GHz. The TWT may be operated saturated at the 500-W output power level or backed off from saturation in the linear mode. CPI's Satcom Division has integrated the TWT into a conduction-cooled transmitter box suitable for antenna hub-mount applications. The amplifier uses predistortion networks to provide a high degree of linear response when operated in output power back-off mode.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new type of folded frame slow-wave structure (SWS) is introduced and used in the design of a low-voltage, high-efficiency, and widebandwidth millimeter-wave traveling-wave tube (TWT). The high-frequency characteristics of the folded frame structure, including dispersion properties, coupling impedances, and reflection characteristics are investigated. The beam-wave interaction of the TWT with the folded frame SWS working at the millimeter-wave frequency range is also calculated using 3-D particle-in-cell algorithms. The simulation results reveal that with sheet electron beam parameters of 6000 V and 0.2 A, the average output power and electron efficiency can reach 196 W and 16.3%, respectively. Compared with the symmetric double V-shaped microstrip meander-line SWS, the folded frame SWS has larger coupling impedances and can generate higher output power.
    IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 01/2013; 60(11):3895-3900. · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel winding microstrip meander-line slow-wave structure (SWS) has been proposed to develop low-voltage and high-power millimeter-wave traveling-wave tube. This structure, which interacts with a round electron beam, evolves from a V-shaped microstrip meander-line SWS. The electromagnetic characteristics and beam-wave interaction of this novel structure are calculated in this letter. As is seen from the results, traveling-wave tubes with this novel circuit can provide over 130-W output power ranging from 58 to 63 GHz. In addition, the maximum electronic efficiency may reach 10% at 61 GHz.
    IEEE Electron Device Letters 01/2013; 34(10):1325-1327. · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The re-entrant double-staggered ladder slow-wave structure is employed in a high-power V-band coupled-cavity traveling-wave tube. This structure has a wide bandwidth, a moderate interaction impedance, and excellent thermal dissipation properties, as well as easy fabrication. A well-matched waveguide coupler is proposed for the structure. Combining the design of attenuators, a full-scale three-dimensional circuit model for the V-band coupled-cavity traveling-wave tube is constructed. The electromagnetic characteristics and the beam—wave interaction of this structure are investigated. The beam current is set to be 100 mA, and the cathode voltage is tuned from 16.8 kV to 15.8 kV. The calculation results show that this tube can produce a saturated average output power over 100 W with an instantaneous bandwidth greater than 1.25 GHz in the frequency ranging from 58 GHz to 62 GHz. The corresponding gain and electronic efficiency can reach over 32 dB and 6.5%, respectively.
    Chinese Physics B 01/2012; 21(7). · 1.15 Impact Factor