Article

A robust method for estimating respiratory flow using tracheal sounds entropy

Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sharif Univ. of Technol., Tehran, Iran
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (Impact Factor: 2.23). 05/2006; DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2006.870231
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT The relationship between respiratory sounds and flow is of great interest for researchers and physicians due to its diagnostic potentials. Due to difficulties and inaccuracy of most of the flow measurement techniques, several researchers have attempted to estimate flow from respiratory sounds. However, all of the proposed methods heavily depend on the availability of different rates of flow for calibrating the model, which makes their use limited by a large degree. In this paper, a robust and novel method for estimating flow using entropy of the band pass filtered tracheal sounds is proposed. The proposed method is novel in terms of being independent of the flow rate chosen for calibration; it requires only one breath for calibration and can estimate any flow rate even out of the range of calibration flow. After removing the effects of heart sounds (which distort the low-frequency components of tracheal sounds) on the calculated entropy of the tracheal sounds, the performance of the method at different frequency ranges were investigated. Also, the performance of the proposed method was tested using 6 different segment sizes for entropy calculation and the best segment sizes during inspiration and expiration were found. The method was tested on data of 10 healthy subjects at five different flow rates. The overall estimation error was found to be 8.3 ± 2.8% and 9.6 ± 2.8% for inspiration and expiration phases, respectively.

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