THE IMPACT OF NUCLEAR AND JOINT FAMILY SYSTEM ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KARACHI
ABSTRACT The Impact of Nuclear and joint family system on the academic achievement of secondary school students in Karachi
Social life is a part of human nature, who forms colonies and villages by rehabilitating themselves nearest to each other and all these together create a city. Because of various reasons society is divided in rural and urban areas. Similarly. Pakistani society is also divided in rural and urban society. Prior to creation of Pakistan, the joint family system was very much liked, but today the world social changes also affected Pakistani culture, that is why with joint family system the tendency of nuclear family system is advancing, but Pakistani society is an Islamic society which gives emphasis upon children's rights in particular. The prophet peace be upon Him when ordered to parents to edify and provide better education and moral training to their children, also asked the children to display excellent behaviour towards their parents.
Earlier in Pakistan the Joint family system was enforce but nowadays because of advancement in science and industry, the tendency towards nuclear family system is advancing, The advancement of nuclear family system paves healthy effects on one side but on the other it paves unhealthy effects and all these become the root factors for destruction of a society .All these factors affect secondary school students. Therefore, the researcher felt great need and importance of this issue and intend to conduct research on the Following problem.
The Impact Of Nuclear And Joint Family System On The Academic Achievement Of Secondary School Students In Karachi The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of nuclear and joint family system upon male and female students at secondary stage of education in Karachi. In addition to that some preliminary objectives were also be accomplished. In order to achieve these objectives, the researcher had arranged some important null hypotheses; few of them are as under: 1. There will be no significant difference in moral manners between male and female students relating to joint and nuclear family system. 2. There will be no significant difference in educational achievement between male and female students relating to joint and nuclear family system.
The present selected problem is concerned to all Pakistani nuclear & joint family system at secondary stage male and female students but due to limited resources figures from all Pakistan cannot be collected, therefore, for research purpose, the male and female students of secondary stage education from Karachi were included who belonged to joint and nuclear family system. After a piolot study through random sampling from three towns of Karachi 71 schools were selected.528 male and female students were selected. Two hundred parents of these male and female students were also selected, (one hundred from nuclear family and one hundred from joint family). One hundred ninety teachers of these male and female students were selected, ( one hundred female teachers and ninety male teachers). As a whole survey technique was adopted and in order to collect data, questionnaire and interview schedule was arranged. After collection of data it is presented in tabulated form to assess the results. The parametric "t" test was used. In non - parametric, the Chi square was used. Percentage method was also used.
It was concluded that there is relationship between family system and academic achievement of secondary school students. In the light of findings several recommendations were made for families, teachers and to improve educational system.