Article

Estrés laboral, sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa y salud en profesionales venezolanos

Summa Psicológica UST, ISSN 0718-0446, Vol. 6, Nº. 1, 2009, pags. 3-14
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT The aim of the present research was to determine the relationship among job stress and negative egocentric sensitivity, with the physical and psychological health status of Venezuelan professionals. The index of perceived job stress, using the Demand-Control Model (demand-control-social support), the negative egocentric sensitivity and the self perceived physical and psychological health status of Venezuelan professionals from different carriers and both genders were measured (F=220, M=220; mean age= 30, SD=6,52). Results showed that job stress and negative egocentric sensitivity had an important impact on health. Negative egocentric sensitivity was positively related to increased job demands, anxiety, depression, reports of illness, symptoms and indixes of morbidity, and inversely related to job control, job support, selfesteem and well-being, supporting previous fi ndings about the pervasive effect of the negative egocentric sensitivity on health and well-being. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue determinar la relación existente entre el estrés laboral y la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa con el estatus de salud física y psicológica de profesionales venezolanos. Se midieron el estrés laboral percibido, según el Modelo Demanda-Control (demanda-control-apoyo social), la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa y el estatus salud física y psicológica autopercibida, en 441 profesionales venezolanos de diferentes disciplinas y de ambos sexos (M=220; F=220; edad X= 30 años, DT=6,52). Los resultados mostraron que el estrés laboral y la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa impactan sobre la salud autopercibida. La sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa se relaciona positivamente con mayores demandas laborales, así como con una mayor ansiedad, depresión, reportes de enfermedad, síntomas e indicadores de morbilidad y de manera inversa con control laboral, apoyo social, autoestima y bienestar, apoyando evidencias previas sobre el efecto pervasivo de la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa sobre la salud y el bienestar de los individuos.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
133 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Psychosocial factors at work have been found to be significant contributors to health, especially cardiovascular health. To explore the relation between psychosocial factors at work and self reported health, using cross sectional and prospective analyses for a large occupational cohort of men and women. Psychosocial factors at work were evaluated using the Karasek questionnaire, designed to measure psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, and physical demands. Self reported health was used as health outcome. Covariates included chronic diseases, and sociodemographic, occupational, and behavioural factors. The cross sectional and prospective analyses concerned respectively 11 447 and 7664 workers. Men and women were analysed separately. Cross sectional analysis revealed significant associations between psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, and physical demands, and self reported health for both men and women. Prospective analysis showed that high psychological demands for both genders, low decision authority for men, and low social support and high physical demands for women were predictive of poor self reported health. These results were independent of potential confounding variables. Results highlight the predictive effects of psychosocial factors at work on self reported health in a one year follow up study. They also underline the need for longitudinal study design and separate analyses for men and women in the field of psychosocial factors at work.
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine 08/2003; 60(7):509-15. · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This natural experiment provides substantial evidence for the following major themes, which are based on a cognitively oriented, process-centered theory of stress and coping: First, a stressful encounter should be viewed as a dynamic, unfolding process, not as a static, unitary event. Emotion and coping (including the use of social support) were assessed at three stages of a midterm examination: the anticipation stage before the exam, the waiting stage after the exam and before grades were announced, and after grades were posted. For the group as a whole there were significant changes in emotions and coping (including the use of social support) across the three stages. Second, people experience seemingly contradictory emotions and states of mind during every stage of an encounter. In this study, for example, subjects experienced both threat emotions and challege emotions. The complexity of emotions and their cognitive appraisals reflects ambiguity regarding the multifaceted nature of the exam and its meanings, especially during the anticipation stage. Third, coping is a complex process. On the average, subjects used combinations of most of the available forms of problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping at every stage of the exam. Different forms of coping were salient during the anticipation and waiting stages. Problem-focused coping and emphasizing the positive were more prominent during the former, and distancing more prominent during the latter. Finally, despite normatively shared emotional reactions at each stage, substantial individual differences remained. Using selected appraisal and coping variables, and taking grade point averages (GPA) into account, approximately 48% of the variances in threat and challenge emotions at the anticipation stage was explained. Controlling for variance due to the grade received, appraisal, and coping variables accounted for 28% of the variance in positive and negative emotions at the outcome stage. Including grade, 57% of the variance in positive emotions at outcome and 61% of the negative emotions at outcome were explained.
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 02/1985; 48(1):150-70. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo la construcción y validación de un nuevo instrumento para evaluar la sensibilidad emocional, con el objeto de examinar su posterior implicación en el proceso estrés - enfermedad. Para ello, el constructo de neuroticismo propuesto en la teoría biológica de la personalidad de Eysenck, así como los instrumentos desarrollados bajo este enfoque ¿EPI y EPQ¿ fueron sometidos a un proceso de revisión teórica y psicométrica. Como resultado, se propone la Escala de Sensibilidad Emocional (ESE) como una medida de la reactividad emocional, que supera las principales limitaciones psicométricas halladas en las escalas de Eysenck. Además, se propone una nueva conceptualización del neuroticismo, concibiéndose no sólo como la expresión de la reactividad emocional negativa, sino ampliando su espectro hacia una dimensión más positiva y adaptativa de la emocionalidad.
    Psicothema, ISSN 0214-9915, Vol. 17, Nº. 3, 2005, pags. 465-470. 01/2005;

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
22 Downloads
Available from
May 26, 2014