Estrés laboral, sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa y salud en profesionales venezolanos

Summa Psicológica UST, ISSN 0718-0446, Vol. 6, Nº. 1, 2009, pags. 3-14
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT The aim of the present research was to determine the relationship among job stress and negative egocentric sensitivity, with the physical and psychological health status of Venezuelan professionals. The index of perceived job stress, using the Demand-Control Model (demand-control-social support), the negative egocentric sensitivity and the self perceived physical and psychological health status of Venezuelan professionals from different carriers and both genders were measured (F=220, M=220; mean age= 30, SD=6,52). Results showed that job stress and negative egocentric sensitivity had an important impact on health. Negative egocentric sensitivity was positively related to increased job demands, anxiety, depression, reports of illness, symptoms and indixes of morbidity, and inversely related to job control, job support, selfesteem and well-being, supporting previous fi ndings about the pervasive effect of the negative egocentric sensitivity on health and well-being. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue determinar la relación existente entre el estrés laboral y la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa con el estatus de salud física y psicológica de profesionales venezolanos. Se midieron el estrés laboral percibido, según el Modelo Demanda-Control (demanda-control-apoyo social), la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa y el estatus salud física y psicológica autopercibida, en 441 profesionales venezolanos de diferentes disciplinas y de ambos sexos (M=220; F=220; edad X= 30 años, DT=6,52). Los resultados mostraron que el estrés laboral y la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa impactan sobre la salud autopercibida. La sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa se relaciona positivamente con mayores demandas laborales, así como con una mayor ansiedad, depresión, reportes de enfermedad, síntomas e indicadores de morbilidad y de manera inversa con control laboral, apoyo social, autoestima y bienestar, apoyando evidencias previas sobre el efecto pervasivo de la sensibilidad egocéntrica negativa sobre la salud y el bienestar de los individuos.

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