Uso terapéutico y perfil de toxicidad del esquema FOLFOX4*

Farmacia Hospitalaria 04/2009; DOI: 10.1016/S1130-6343(09)70993-6
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Introducción: Desde la publicación de los resultados del estudio MOSAIC en 2004, el esquema FOLFOX4 se ha establecido como un tratamiento adyuvante recomendado en los cánceres colorrectales estadio III. El objetivo de este estudio es valorar la utilización de este esquema en nuestro ámbito y describir su toxicidad. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de los tratamientos con FOLFOX4 prescritos desde abril de 2005 a marzo de 2007. Los datos se obtuvieron del programa Farhos Oncología® y las historias clínicas. Se recogieron las variables siguientes: edad, sexo, diagnóstico, estadio de la enfermedad (clasifi cación TNM) y reacciones adversas, expresando su gravedad según los Common Toxicity Criteria 2.0. Resultados: El esquema FOLFOX4 ha sido prescrito a 39 pacientes (24 varones y 15 mujeres), con una mediana de edad de 59 años. Los diagnósticos fueron: 28 cáncer de colon (4 estadio II, 17 III y 7 IV), 10 cáncer de recto (1 estadio II, 4 III y 5 IV) y 1 cáncer gástrico estadio IV. Las reacciones adversas más frecuentes fueron neuropatía periférica (82 %), neutropenia (56,4 %) y diarrea (53,9 %). Al fi nalizar el estudio 9 pacientes seguían en tratamiento activo con este esquema (media, 6,8 ciclos). De los 30 restantes, sólo 16 completaron los 12 ciclos previstos. En 14 pacientes se suspendió el tratamiento (media, 8,1 ciclos), siendo los motivos: toxicidad en 10 casos, progresión clínica en 3 y fallecimiento en 1. Del total de los 368 ciclos administrados, 68 tuvieron retrasos en la administración y en 22 se redujo la dosis. Conclusión: La utilización del esquema FOLFOX4 se ha ajustado a usos con unas evidencias científi cas sólidas, pero su toxicidad ha limitado el uso y difi cultado la administración de la intensidad de dosis prevista.

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