Article

Estudios epidemiológicos sobre la incidencia del acoso escolar e implicaciones educativas

Informació psicològica, ISSN 0214-347X, Nº. 94, 2008, pags. 14-35 01/2008;
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ABSTRACT The purpose of this work is to analyze the results of the national and international epidemiological studies that inform of the incidence of bullying in order to compare the incidences, appraise the severity of the situation, and point out some guidelines for prevention and intervention. The review of the studies reveals a mean severe victimization rate between 3 and 10%, and the percentage of students who suffer violent behaviors ranged between 20 and 30%. The incidence of the phenomenon is worthy considering and fairly similar in all countries, although the diversity of instruments administered prevents linear comparisons; however, notwithstanding, common tendencies and characteristics in the results of the investigations are found. Preventive measures that can be adopted to improve living together and to promote positive attitudes in children and adolescents are discussed. For this purpose, websites provided that present plans to live together, and resources as well as references of programs for prevention and intervention in school violence. El trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar los resultados de los estudios epidemiológicos nacionales e internacionales que informan de la incidencia del acoso escolar o bullying con la finalidad de comparar las incidencias, valorar la gravedad de la situación y señalar algunas directrices para la prevención e intervención. La revisión de los estudios pone de relieve un porcentaje medio de victimización grave entre el 3% y el 10%, y porcentajes de estudiantes que sufren conductas violentas que oscilan entre un 20% y un 30%. La incidencia del fenómeno es digna de consideración y bastante similar en todos los países aunque la diversidad de instrumentos aplicados impide realizar comparaciones lineales, pero a pesar de ello se constatan tendencias y características comunes en los resultados de las investigaciones. La discusión gira en torno a las medidas preventivas que se pueden adoptar para la mejora de la convivencia y la promoción de actitudes positivas en niños/niñas y adolescentes. Con esta finalidad se aportan referencias de páginas Web con planes de convivencia y recursos así como referencias de programas para la prevención e intervención en la violencia escolar.

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