Neumonía lipoidea exógena aguda por aspiración accidental de gasolina

Revista Neumosur, ISSN 0214-6266, Vol. 19, Nº. 2, 2007, pags. 84-87 01/2007; 19(2).
Source: OAI


Aspiration diseases represent an important cause of morbimortality. Among these, acute exogenous lipoid pneumonia resulting from gasoline aspiration is considered rare, especially in the case of adult patients. However, it is usual among fire eaters. We report the case of a 28-year-old male patient who accidentally inhaled gasoline when trying to transfer it from one tank to another. Fifteen days later, the patient was admitted to hospital due to haemoptysis and partial atelectasis of the middle lobe. The patient was administered antibiotics and adjunctive therapy and he recovered after 20 days. Las enfermedades por aspiración representan una causa importante de morbimortalidad. Dentro de éstas, la neumonía lipoidea exógena aguda por aspiración de gasolina se presenta como una causa rara, más aún en los pacientes adultos, en los que se han descrito casos en los comedores de fuego (Fire eaters). Presentamos el caso de un paciente varón de 28 años que aspiró accidentalmente gasolina al intentar extraerla de un depósito a otro, ingresando quince días después por expectoración hemoptoica y atelectasia parcial del lóbulo medio. El cuadro se resolvió adecuadamente en veinte días con tratamiento antibiótico y de soporte.

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