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Patologías de la ciudad: hipocondria urbana en el fascismo italiano

Bifurcaciones: revista de estudios culturales urbanos, ISSN 0718-1132, Nº. 6, 2006 01/2006;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Fascism's stance towards the city was contradictory. Fascist governmental institutions, urban planners, architects and urban sociologists condemned modern industrial cities at the same time that the regime actively promoted and constructed new towns and neighbourhoods. The paper examines fascism's problematic view of the city and nature, focusing on its cooptation of discourses drawing on nature and on ideas of disease, evolution, gender and demography to justify its negative view of the city. The paper critically challenges currently accepted views of fascism as a predominantly rural phenomenon by showing how it was shaped by its early roots in the city. La postura del fascismo hacia la ciudad fue contradictoria. Instituciones gubernamentales, planificadores urbanos, arquitectos y sociólogos urbanos fascistas condenaron las modernas ciudades industriales, al mismo tiempo que el régimen promovió y construyó activamente nuevas ciudades y barrios. Este artículo examina la problemática visión del fascismo sobre la ciudad y la naturaleza, centrándose en su cooptación de discursos acerca de la naturaleza, la enfermedad, la evolución, el género y la demografía para justificar su visión negativa de la ciudad. El artículo desafía críticamente las visiones actualmente aceptadas sobre el fascismo como un fenómeno predominantemente rural, revelando que las raíces de este movimiento fueron originalmente urbanas.

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