El relieve de las Islas Baleares

Enseñanza de las ciencias de la tierra: Revista de la Asociación Española para la Enseñanza de las Ciencias de la Tierra, ISSN 1132-9157, Vol. 15, Nº. 2, 2007, pags. 175-184
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Available from: Jordi Giménez, Oct 06, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: A simple mechanism of arcuate fold belt and back-arc basin formation is presented based on the opening of mega-continental tension gashes along pre-existing, deep, parallel and steep faults that separate lithospheric units with different properties. If plate convergence is parallel to these faults, the fault-bounded units open at right angles to the convergence vector, adopting an arcuate shape with thrusting in front of the bowed-out units and extensional basin opening between the separated units. This model is applied to the Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of the western Mediterranean. After the Iberian collision 35–30 Ma, several ellipsoidal basins (Valencia, Alboran, North Algerian and Liguro–Provençal) developed by 10 Ma along the eastern margin of the Iberian plate. The formation of these basins is attributed to an increase in NE–SW horizontal tectonic palaeostress during early–middle Miocene times resulting from the post-subduction collision of the Tethyan oceanic lithosphere.
    Terra Nova 04/2002; 14(2):93 - 100. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3121.2002.00392.x · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the origin of the Betic-Rif orocline has been the subject of considerable debate. Much of this debate has focused on mechanisms required to generate rapid late-orogenic extension with coeval shortening. Here we summarize the principal geological and geophysical observations and propose a model for the Miocene evolution of the Betic-Rif mountain belts, which is compatible with the evolution of the rest of the western Mediterranean. We regard palaeomagnetic data, which indicate that there have been large rotations about vertical axes, and earthquake data, which show that deep seismicity occurs beneath the Alboran Sea, to be the most significant data sets. Neither data set is satisfactorily accounted for by models which invoke convective removal or delamination of lithospheric mantle. Existing geological and geophysical observations are, however, entirely consistent with the existence of a subduction zone which rolled or peeled back until it collided with North Africa. We suggest that this ancient subducting slab consequently split into two fragments, one of which has continued to roll back, generating the Tyrrhenian Sea and forming the present-day Calabrian Arc. The other slab fragment rolled back to the west, generating the Alboran Sea and the Betic-Rif orocline during the early to middle Miocene.
    Tectonics 06/1997; 16(3-3):504-522. DOI:10.1029/96TC03937 · 3.32 Impact Factor