Article

Estrés laboral, liderazgo y salud organizacional

Papeles del psicólogo: revista del Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos, ISSN 0214-7823, Vol. 29, Nº. 1, 2008 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Empleo, organizaciones y recursos humanos), pags. 68-82 01/2008;
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ABSTRACT The aim of this article is to analyze the role of leadership for promoting work and organizational well-being and health at individualand collective (work unit, company) levels, giving special attention to psychosocial factors, e.g. work stress. We will comment on re-search carried on at the Work and Organizational Psychology Unit in the University of Valencia (www.uv.es/uipot). We will presentadditional studies when needed. The second section of the article will be centred on recent tendencies on work stress conceptualiza-tion as well as recent theoretical models. The analysis will show new perspectives for promoting stress prevention at work. In the thirdsection, the multiple roles of individual leadership on stress will be revised. The fourth section will be centred on the role of leadershipon stress from a multi-and-cross level approach. The fifth section will briefly analyze shared leadership and its implications for workstress. Final section considers implications of available empirical evidence and knowledge for assessing leadership and intervention inthe context of analysis and prevention of psychosocial risks in organizations. El presente trabajo pretende analizar el papel del liderazgo en la promoción del bienestar y la salud organizacional y laboral a nivel individual y colectivo (unidad de trabajo y empresa), prestando especial atención a los factores psicosociales, como el estrés laboral. Nos centraremos en la investigación llevada a cabo en la Unidad de Investigación de Psicología de las Organizaciones y del Trabajo (UIPOT) de la Universidad de Valencia (www.uv.es/uipot) presentando trabajos adicionales cuando se considere oportuno. Para ello, la segunda sección del artículo se centrará en las recientes tendencias sobre la conceptualización del estrés laboral así como en los recientes modelos teóricos; su análisis proporcionará nuevas perspectivas que ayuden a promover la prevención del estrésen el trabajo. En la tercera sección, se revisan los múltiples roles que el liderazgo puede jugar en el estrés laboral, a nivel individual. La cuarta sección se centrará en el papel que juega el liderazgo en el estrés desde una aproximación multi- y transnivel. La quinta sección analiza brevemente el liderazgo compartido y sus implicaciones para el estrés laboral, y la sección final considera las impli-caciones de la evidencia empírica y el conocimiento disponibles para la evaluación del liderazgo y la intervención en el contexto delanálisis y prevención de los riesgos psicosociales en las organizaciones.

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Available from: Isabel Rodriguez, Apr 02, 2015
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